Saltville in Smyth County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle at Cedar Branch
Salt Works Defended
On Sunday, October 2, 1864, Union Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge arrived behind the hills in front of you with more than 5,000 troops from Kentucky, Ohio and Michigan, including several hundred African-American soldiers of the 5th and 6th Colored Cavalry. The Union objective was to destroy the town's salt works. Many of the more than 2,000 Confederates were Kentuckians, facing opponents from their home state.
Around noon, Union Gen. Edward Hobson attacked the river ford. To avoid Confederate cannon and rifle fire, Hobson charged in three columns. One column charged down Sanders Hill, one down the Holston River and the third from the base of Little Mountain across Broady Bottom.
After wading across the ford, the Union troops fought their way to the top of Cemetery Hill, pushing the Confederates toward the back of the hill into the Elizabeth Cemetery. Reserves were ordered forward to reinforce the Confederate line. After 15 minutes of close combat, often within 50 yards, the Union troops were forced
By 5 p.m., firing along the battle line had ceased, except for sporadic Confederate artillery fire. Federal losses - killed, wounded and captured - were approximately 290. Confederate losses were approximately 160.
During the night, Burbridge's command began a hasty retreat toward Kentucky, leaving his dead and many of his wounded, including African-American troops. The next morning, some of these wounded and captured troops were murdered in what has been called the "Saltville Massacre."
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 36° 53.349′ N, 81° 44.97′ W. Marker is in Saltville, Virginia, in Smyth County. Marker can be reached from Buckeye Street 0.2 miles east of East Main Street, on the left. Click for map. There is a parking lot adjacent to Buckeye Street. The marker is located on top of the knoll next to the open-sided shelter. Marker is in this post office area: Saltville VA 24370, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Saltville (approx. 1.3 miles away); History of Saltville Valley (approx. 1.3 miles away); Sulphur Springs Church and Campground (approx. 6.6 miles away); Chilhowie (approx. 7.3 miles away); Farthest West, 1750 (approx. 7.3 miles away); Town House (approx. 7.3 miles away); a different marker also named Chilhowie (approx. 7.5 miles away); Transportation Through the Ages (approx. 7.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Saltville.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 442 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.