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Baldwyn in Lee County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Brice's Cross Roads

First Main Battle Line (Union)

 
 
Brice's Cross Roads Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 23, 2012
1. Brice's Cross Roads Marker
Inscription. Brig. Gen. Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry (3,300 troops) left Stubbs plantation (nine miles northwest of Brice's Cross Roads) at daybreak on June 10, 1864. By 10:00 a.m. the cavalry had reached Brice's Cross Roads and advance units had encountered "a heavy force of the enemy" along the Baldwyn Road. The cavalry was dismounted and deployed on either side of the road, in the woods at the western edge of a cleared field, one-half mile east of the Cross Roads. Col. George Waring's brigade was astride the road and Col. Edward Winslow's brigade was on the right of Waring's.

...I informed (Gen. Sturgis) that I had an advantageous position and could hold it if the infantry was brought up promptly. The enemy advanced upon us in large numbers, with double line of skirmishers and line of battle...

Brig. Gen. B. H. Grierson, Cavalry Division (US)


By noon Forrest had three brigades on the field (Lyon, Johnson and Rucker) and outnumbered the Federal cavalry in front of him. Forrest's first two attacks (a general frontal assault and a second against Waring's left) were repulsed, but his third succeeded in breaching the Union line between Waring's right flank and Winslow's left (immediately southwest of this location). The Union retreated to new positions one quarter mile from the Cross Roads.

The enemy was
Brice's Cross Roads Marker Map image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, November 30, 2008
2. Brice's Cross Roads Marker Map
in very thick brush. I could not tell the exact position of the enemy's line....I had moved forward but a short distance when the enemy fired a volley...by which Lieutenant Dillon and many others of the company were severely wounded. The left of the regiment was obliged to fall back...As I heard the enemy advancing through the brush I ordered the regiment to lie close to the ground. (The Confederates) charged us twice in this position, but were driven back with heavy loss. We lay here about two hours within sixty yards of the enemy, the brush being so thick that we could not see them.

Maj. Abial R. Pierce, Fourth Iowa Cavalry


Battle Map Confederate Cavalry converges on Union Cavalry and pushes them towards Brice's Crossroads
 
Erected by CWPT (Civil War Preservation Trust). (Marker Number B-2.)
 
Location. 34° 30.434′ N, 88° 43.383′ W. Marker is in Baldwyn, Mississippi, in Lee County. Marker can be reached from Bethany Road (County Road 370) 0.1 miles east of Guntown/Ripley Road (County Road 370), on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Interpretive tablet is 1450 feet east of the beginning of a walking trail at Stop 5 of the Brice's Crossroads Auto Tour. The walking trail through Porter's Field parallels Bethany
Brice's Cross Roads Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, November 30, 2008
3. Brice's Cross Roads Marker
Marker in distance (yellow arrow)
Road and is just under 2000 feet long. Marker is in this post office area: Baldwyn MS 38824, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Tippah, Tishomingo, Pontotoc, Itawamba Intersection (within shouting distance of this marker); Treaty of Pontotoc (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Brice's Cross Roads, MS (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Brice's Cross Roads (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Federal Cavalry and Artillery Formed First Battle Line Here (about 500 feet away); Confederate's Second Battle Line (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named Brice's Cross Roads (approx. 0.2 miles away); Federal's Second Battle Line (approx. mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Baldwyn.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
First Union Line Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 23, 2012
4. First Union Line Marker
View to the east and toward the end of the walking trail. Bethany Road on the left parallels the trail.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. This page has been viewed 390 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia.   2, 3. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.   4. submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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