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Leonardtown in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Invasion!

Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

 
 
Invasion! Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, January 5, 2013
1. Invasion! Marker
Inscription. Imagine the scene here on July 19, 1814, as Breton Bay filled with barges of British Royal Marines intent on attacking Leonardtown. Rear Admiral George Cockburn led the invasion force that came ashore at the town wharf. Raiders also approached the town by land from the west and east.

The combined British forces of 1,500 vastly outnumbered the town's population and local militia. The British seized tobacco, flour, a small schooner, and 40 stands of arms, but they left the town intact.

America's Nemesis

British Rear Admiral George Cockburn was a celebrated hero of the Royal Navy in the War of 1812, but Americans considered him a villain.

Overseeing naval operations in the Chesapeake from 1813 until the end of the war, Cockburn brought the war directly to towns and plantations to weaken American resolve. He led invasions to Maryland's Eastern Shore, Baltimore, Washington, and elsewhere but Southern Maryland suffered most from his campaign of terror.

"I proceeded...up the Potowmac for...an attack on Leonard's Town...where I understood the 36th American Regiment to be stationed and much Stores &ca. to be deposited...The Enemy...withdrew whatever armed Force he had...and permitted us to take quiet Possession of it..." -- Rear Admiral George Cockburn to Vice Admiral Sir
Invasion! Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, January 5, 2013
2. Invasion! Marker
Alexander F.I. Cochrane, July 19, 1814
 
Erected 2012 by National Park Service.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail marker series.
 
Location. 38° 17.178′ N, 76° 38.315′ W. Marker is in Leonardtown, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker can be reached from Washington Street (Maryland Route 326). Click for map. Marker is in Leonard Town Wharf Park. Marker is in this post office area: Leonardtown MD 20650, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Trade on the Waterfront (within shouting distance of this marker); Fun on the Waterfront (within shouting distance of this marker); Steamboats at the Waterfront (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); War Comes to Breton Bay (approx. mile away); This Cannon (approx. mile away); Leonardtown (approx. mile away); Tudor Hall (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Great House (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Leonardtown.
 
Categories. War of 1812
 
British Marines image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, January 5, 2013
3. British Marines
America's Nemesis image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, January 5, 2013
4. America's Nemesis
John James Halls' 1817 portrait of Rear Admiral Cockburn standing in front of the burning capital. National Maritime Museum 8HC2619
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 308 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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