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Houston in Harris County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Gulf Building

 
 
Gulf Building Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, January 20, 2013
1. Gulf Building Marker
Inscription. Prominent real estate developer, publisher, statesman and banker Jesse H. Jones opened the Gulf Building in 1929 with Gulf Oil, National Bank of Commerce, and Sakowitz Brothers as primary tenants. Alfred C. Finn designed the 430-foot high Art Deco edifice with a six-story base topped by a tall tower that diminishes in size as it rises. The 37-floor, steel-frame structure remained Houstonís tallest skyscraper for 34 years. In 1986, the building, then owned by a successor bank, underwent a $50 million restoration. It was renamed the JPMorgan Chase Building in 2000 and continues to be a monument to the cityís growth, modernity and financial prosperity.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 2007
Marker is property of the state of Texas

 
Erected 2007 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 14042.)
 
Location. 29° 45.523′ N, 95° 21.821′ W. Marker is in Houston, Texas, in Harris County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street and Rusk Street, on the right when traveling south on Main Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Houston TX 77002, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 1,000 Houstonians Join the Navy (approx.
The Gulf Building image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, January 20, 2013
2. The Gulf Building
0.2 miles away); Auditorium Hotel (approx. 0.2 miles away); First White House of the Republic of Texas (approx. 0.2 miles away); Site of Old Houston Academy (approx. ľ mile away); Hogg Building (approx. 0.3 miles away); Harris County 1910 Courthouse (approx. 0.3 miles away); Sweeney, Coombs & Fredericks Building (approx. 0.3 miles away); Pillot Building (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Houston.
 
More about this marker. There are duplicate markers on this building. One marker faces Main Street on the corner of Main & Rusk. The other faces Travis Street and is in the middle of the block.
 
Regarding Gulf Building. This was the tallest building west of the Mississippi when built and the tallest in Houston when I was a child, and remained tallest for more than thirty years.

John Allen's (the primary founder of Houston) wife's home was on this location. She's the person who named Houston, Texas.

Born in 1898, my uncle worked as an elevator operator in this
Gulf Building Markers image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, January 20, 2013
3. Gulf Building Markers
Marker cluster on Main Street (east) side of building
building much of his life. (Yes, Virginia human beings once operated elevators.) He had polio in his twenties and found it difficult to get employment as anything other than this after that.
 
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia Article on the Gulf Building. (Submitted on January 21, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
2. The Gulf Building in The Texas Handbook. (Submitted on January 21, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
3. Another article on the Gulf Building. (Submitted on January 21, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
 
Categories. Notable Buildings
 
Gulf Building Markers image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, January 20, 2013
4. Gulf Building Markers
Marker cluster on west (Travis) side of building
Ceiling of Main Entry Chamber of Gulf Building -- Now Chase Bank image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, June 18, 2013
5. Ceiling of Main Entry Chamber of Gulf Building -- Now Chase Bank
The chamber below this ceiling is a Chase Bank Branch.
Gulf Building Interior Entrance image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, June 18, 2013
6. Gulf Building Interior Entrance
After going through the entrance to the building you go through this entrance to the main chamber which contains the bank.
New & Old on the 34th Floor of the Gulf Building image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, June 18, 2013
7. New & Old on the 34th Floor of the Gulf Building
On the right, is an old fashioned mail shoot. You drop letters into this shoot and they fall into a mailbox 34 floors below. The other is a modern electronic elevator floor selector. Before entering the elevator you select your floor by pressing one of the buttons and it tells you which elevator to use to go to that floor. There are no floor selection buttons once you are in the elevator.
The more modern JPMorgan Chase Tower a couple of blocks north of the Gulf Building image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, January 20, 2013
8. The more modern JPMorgan Chase Tower a couple of blocks north of the Gulf Building
JPMorgan Chase Tower is the tallest composite building in the world. The office tower is clad in pale gray polished granite, stainless steel, and gray glass. The western corner of the tower has been sheared off to form a five-sided structure. The western facet of the tower is formed by an 85 foot wide free span of glass that ascends the full height of the building. The tower is positioned on a one-acre plaza to create a large public space. The area is ornamented with patterned granite paving, extensive landscaping, including a water garden and Bradford Pear trees, and a major sculpture. This area serves as an important open space for downtown Houston. JPMorgan Chase Tower rests on a full city block in the northwest quadrant of the downtown area, bounded by Capitol, Texas, Travis and Milam Streets. JPMorgan Chase Center, a twenty-story facility housing a parking garage, healthclub and data processing center, is located adjacent to the Tower, across Travis Street. This 75 story building rises 1,049 feet from ground level. The tower has 1.98 million square feet of gross building space.
Neils -- Esperson Building image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, January 20, 2013
9. Neils -- Esperson Building
The Neils -- Esperson Building is catercornered across the street from the Gulf Building on Travis. [I pronounce that cattie cornered] The building is the only complete example of Italian Renaissance architecture in Downtown Houston. Designed by theater architect John Eberson, the Esperson building was built in 1927. It's elaborately detailed with massive columns, great urns, terraces, and a grand tempietto at the top, similar to one built in the courtyard of San Pietro in Rome in 1502. His wife Mellie Esperson had the building constructed for her husband, Niels, a real estate and oil tycoon, and his name is carved on the side of the building, above the entrance, in large letters.
View of Houston from the 34th Floor of the Gulf Building image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, June 18, 2013
10. View of Houston from the 34th Floor of the Gulf Building
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. This page has been viewed 450 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.   5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.   8, 9. submitted on , by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.   10. submitted on , by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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