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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Houston in Harris County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Houston City, Republic of Texas

 
 
Houston City, Republic of Texas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, January 27, 2013
1. Houston City, Republic of Texas Marker
Inscription. By vote of Congress, Nov. 30, 1836, chosen temporary capital for new Republic of Texas. At the time a small townsite at the head of Buffalo Bayou navigation. Into a "Houston City" of mud, tents, cabins on April 1, 1837, came President Sam Houston and his government. Finding its quarters unfinished, Congress postponed its opening session until May 1. The capitol building was a 2-story plantation style house, with columned porches. It was scene of many important Indian treaties, diplomatic negotiations, legislative functions. As no church yet graced the city, it also was used for religious services

That muddy April saw the city hold its first big social event--the anniversary celebration of the San Jacinto victory, with parade, reception and ball.

On Dec. 5, 1837, some war heroes and other leaders founded in the capital the Texas Philosophical Society, the Republic's first learned organization.

In a powdered wig, and dressed to resemble George Washington, President Houston made a 3-hour farewell address, after which Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar was inaugurated his successor on Dec. 10, 1838.

In 1839, removed to Austin, the capital returned here, but only briefly, 1842, in Mexican invasion.
 
Erected 1965 by State Historical Survey Committee. (Marker Number
Houston City, Republic of Texas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, January 27, 2013
2. Houston City, Republic of Texas Marker
10692.)
 
Location. 29° 45.602′ N, 95° 22.219′ W. Marker is in Houston, Texas, in Harris County. Marker is at the intersection of Bagby Street and McKinney Street, on the right when traveling south on Bagby Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Houston TX 77002, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sam Houston Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Ancient Order of Pilgrims (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Sons of the Republic of Texas (about 500 feet away); San Felipe Cottage (about 500 feet away but has been reported missing); Houston Public Library (about 500 feet away); Pillot House (about 600 feet away but has been reported missing); Julia Ideson Building (about 600 feet away); Sam Houston Park Monument (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Houston.
 
Categories. Notable Places
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. This page has been viewed 282 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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