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Near Nancy in Pulaski County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
 

Mistaken Identity - A Deadly Error

 
 
Mistaken Identity - A Deadly Error Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 26, 2012
1. Mistaken Identity - A Deadly Error Marker
Inscription. About 7 A.M. Confederate General Felix Zollicoffer rode forward to reconnoiter. Near this spot, in the dim light and fog, he saw a mounted officer, Union Colonel Speed Fry of the 4th Kentucky U.S. Volunteers. Both men mistakenly assumed the other to be one of their fellow officers.

Colonel Fry later described the event: "... So thoroughly was I convinced that he was one of our men I did not hesitate to ride up to his side so closely that our knees touched. ... He said to me 'We must not shoot our own men,' to which I responded, 'Of course not; I would not do so intentionally' ... and pointing ... he said 'Those are our men.'"

As Fry moved away, Confederate Major H.M.F. Fogg rode out and shouted, "General, they are the enemy," and fired at Fry. Unhurt, Fry turned and fired his pistol and several nearby soldiers of the 4th Kentucky also fired. Zollicoffer and his aide died in this exchange. No one knows who fired the fatal shot that killed Zollicoffer.

His body was later placed under the large oak tree to your left. Known today as the "Zollie Tree," it is decorated each year in his honor.
 
Erected 1995 by Mill Springs Battlefield Park.
 
Location. 37° 3.343′ N, 84° 44.357′ W. Marker
Zollicoffer Park Stone Wall and Markers image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 26, 2012
2. Zollicoffer Park Stone Wall and Markers
Marker is out of view on the left.
is near Nancy, Kentucky, in Pulaski County. Marker can be reached from State Road 235 0.1 miles south of State Road 761, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is inside a stone wall near the gate to Zollicoffer Park or Cemetery. It is with several other markers, monuments, and the "Zollie Tree." Parking is beside the street outside the wall. This is at Stop 2 of the Mill Springs Battlefield Driving Tour. Marker is in this post office area: Nancy KY 42544, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Felix K. Zollicoffer, "Zollie Tree" (here, next to this marker); Gen'l Felix K. Zollicoffer (a few steps from this marker); "The Zollie Tree" (within shouting distance of this marker); The Dawn of Battle (within shouting distance of this marker); "Confederate Mass Grave" (within shouting distance of this marker); George Henry Thomas (within shouting distance of this marker); Fix Bayonets - Charge! (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); "Battle on a Sabbath Morn" (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Nancy.
 
More about this marker. The marker contains the following drawings:

Portraits of Brigadier General Felix Zollicoffer, CSA, of Nashville, Tennessee and Colonel Speed S. Fry, USA, of Danville, Kentucky

1862 engraving showing the death of General Zollicoffer captioned, "As soon as I reached my regiment I looked back to see what was going on, when to my great surprise, another officer whom I had not seen rode out from behind a large tree ... and with pistol in hand, leveled it directly at me, fired, and paused for a moment. ... Instead of striking the object at which it was aimed, the ball struck my horse ... not until this time was I aware that I had been in conversation with an officer of the opposing army. ... I aimed at him and fired." - Colonel Speed Fry, 4th Kentucky U.S. Volunteers
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. This page has been viewed 312 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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