“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Nancy in Pulaski County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)

The Union Advance

“The enemy gave way ... like chaff before the wind.”

The Union Advance Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 26, 2012
1. The Union Advance Marker
Inscription. The commander of the 10th Indiana Volunteer Infantry wrote, "The way by which the enemy had retreated gave evidence that they had been in haste to reach their den. Wagons, cannon, muskets, swords, blankets, etc. were strewn all along the road ..."

The adjutant of the 9th Ohio reported, "The enemy immediately fled precipitately, leaving their dead and wounded and their knapsacks, blankets, provisions, etc., when our men busily pursued and made a large number of prisoners."

The colonel of the Union Army's 4th Kentucky recalled, "... the enemy gave way, flying before our forces like chaff before the wind. My men replenished their cartridge-boxes, gathered up our wounded, and joined in the pursuit ..."

The fighting on the Mill Springs Battlefield was violent and bloody -- especially so, considering the inexperience of nearly all the soldiers involved on both sides. Only when the Confederate line finally collapsed was the unseasoned nature of the Southern force exposed. The rout of the Southerners at Mill Springs was one of the most complete defeats suffered by a Confederate army anywhere during the Civil War.

"The 12th Kentucky ... and the Tennessee brigade reached the field to the left of the Minnesota regiment, and opened fire on the right flank of the enemy, who began to fall back. The
The Union Advance Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 26, 2012
2. The Union Advance Marker
Looking north on the Mill Springs Road. Marker is along the right rail fence, not visible in this view.
2nd Minnesota kept up a most galling fire in front. and the 9th Ohio charged the enemy on the right with bayonets fixed, turned their flank, and drove them from the field, the whole giving away and retreating in the utmost disorder and confusion.

As soon as the regiments could be formed and refill their cartridge-boxes I ordered the whole force to advance ..."

Union Army commander Brigadier General George H. Thomas (photo inset) describing the battle's climax and his pursuit of the Confederates.
Erected by Mill Springs Battlefield Association.
Location. 37° 3.276′ N, 84° 44.341′ W. Marker is near Nancy, Kentucky, in Pulaski County. Marker can be reached from Kentucky Route 235 0.1 miles from Kentucky Route 761, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. This is Station 12, the final marker of the Battlefield Loop Trail, at Tour Stop 2 - Zollicoffer Park. Marker is in this post office area: Nancy KY 42544, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Dawn of Battle (within shouting distance of this marker); "Confederate Mass Grave" (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate Artillery (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct
Battlefield Loop Trail Map image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 26, 2012
3. Battlefield Loop Trail Map
This is Marker 12 - Union Advance.
line); Gen'l Felix K. Zollicoffer (about 400 feet away); Mistaken Identity - A Deadly Error (about 400 feet away); Felix K. Zollicoffer, "Zollie Tree" (about 400 feet away); Confederate Retreat (about 400 feet away); "The Zollie Tree" (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Nancy.
More about this marker. This marker has two drawings showing the action at Mill Springs.
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. This page has been viewed 198 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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