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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Tulelake in Siskiyou County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

Last Meeting of the Peace Commission

 

—Lava Beds National Monument —

 
Last Meeting of the Peace Commission Marker image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, April 10, 2008
1. Last Meeting of the Peace Commission Marker
Photo caption below General Canby’s photo:
Though warned that the Modoc might engage treachery, General Canby agreed to lead the peace talks. He became the only general killed in an Indian War.

Photo caption below Captain Jack’s photo:
Though Captain Jack disagreed with the plan to attack the commissioners, several other Modoc shamed him into agreeing to kill Canby himself.
Inscription. By April 1873, months of peace talks to end the Modoc War had gone nowhere. General E.R.S. Canby found himself caught between President Grant’s Indian Peace Policy and the desire of some settlers to have the Army eliminate the Modoc band. The Modoc leader, Captain Jack, was also caught between peace and war factions. Some Modoc argued that - as in their own tradition - once the leaders of an army were killed, the soldiers would retreat. They pressured Captain Jack to act.

Within minutes of a similar attack at Hospital Rock, eight Modoc attacked the commissioners with hidden weapons. When it was over, General Canby and Reverend Eleazar Thomas were dead, and Indian Agent Alfred Meacham lay seriously wounded. The Peace Policy came to an end.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 41° 49.091′ N, 121° 32.605′ W. Marker is in Tulelake, California, in Siskiyou County. Marker is on Hill Road. Click for map. Marker is located at the Canby's Cross site within the boundaries of the Lava Beds National Monument. Marker is in this post office area: Tulelake CA 96134, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Canby Cross (within shouting distance of this marker); Attracted to Water
Photo Displayed on the Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 2, 2009
2. Photo Displayed on the Marker
Photo caption:
Photographer Edward Muybridge, one of the numerous members of the press stationed in the lava beds, took this photo of the Peace Commission tent. Word of the killings spread quickly, and the effect was the opposite of what the Modoc had intended - public sentiment swiftly turned against them.
(approx. ¾ mile away); War in the Lava Beds (approx. 0.8 miles away); Modoc War Casualties (approx. 0.8 miles away); River of Rocks - The Devils Homestead Lava Flow (approx. 2 miles away); Civilian Conservation Corps (approx. 2 miles away); The Road to the Stronghold (approx. 2.2 miles away); Lava Fortress (approx. 2.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Tulelake.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Canby's Cross at the site of the Peace Commission killings.
 
Categories. Wars, US Indian
 
Display at the Visitor's Center image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 2, 2009
3. Display at the Visitor's Center
A Slain Soldier’s Possessions
When Modoc warriors waving a white flag approached the US Army encampment at Hospital Rock on April 11, 1873, Lieutenant William Sherwood and another officer walked out to talk. Moments later, the Modocs opened fire and Sherwood fell mortally wounded. The slain lieutenant’s personal effects provide a rare glimpse of the equipment and accessories carried by Army officers in the Modoc War. (Photo taken inside the Visitors Center of the Lava Beds National Monument)
Lt. Williams Personal Belongings on Display at the Lava Beds National Monument Visitor Center image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 2, 2009
4. Lt. Williams Personal Belongings on Display at the Lava Beds National Monument Visitor Center
Entrance to the Visitor Center image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 2, 2009
5. Entrance to the Visitor Center
GPS coordinates are N41.7147 W121.5098
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 428 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.   2. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Wide area view of the marker and its surroundings. • Can you help?
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