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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Annapolis in Anne Arundel County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Maryland State House

The Naval War of 1812 in Annapolis

 

óDon't Give Up the Ship! ó

 
Maryland State House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, February 8, 2013
1. Maryland State House Marker
Inscription. The seat of Maryland government, the State House was at the center of the state's planning for the War of 1812, both locally and in coordination with President Madison's administration in Washington, D.C. Near constant fear of invasion by the British led Governor Levin Winder (1757-1819) to direct the removal of the state's historical records from the State House for relocation to various sites from 1813 to 1815. Throughout the period of the war, the State House dome was used as a lookout by Major William Barney (son of Commodore Joshua Barney) to monitor the movement of British ships coming up the Chesapeake Bay.

The war, and the effect it had on public officials, British sailors in the Bay, and the free and enslaved residents of Annapolis, is explored in the exhibit "'The enemy nearly all `round us' : Annapolis and the War of 1812" that will be on display in the State House throughout 2013.


(Caption:)

Engraving of the State House at Annapolis, 1789
Charles Willson Peale (1741-1827)
Maryland State Archives

 
Erected by United States Naval Academy. (Marker Number 9.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
 
Location.
Maryland State House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, February 8, 2013
2. Maryland State House Marker
38° 58.723′ N, 76° 29.485′ W. Marker is in Annapolis, Maryland, in Anne Arundel County. Marker is on State Circle. Click for map. Marker is to the left of the front door of the Maryland State House. Marker is in this post office area: Annapolis MD 21401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Government House (a few steps from this marker); Baron Johann de Kalb, 1721 - 1780 (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Maryland State House (within shouting distance of this marker); Sacred to the Memory of Baron de Kalb (within shouting distance of this marker); Matthew Alexander Henson (within shouting distance of this marker); General Washington (within shouting distance of this marker); Dred Scott, 1700 - 1858 (within shouting distance of this marker); Roger Brooke Taney, 1777 - 1864 (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Annapolis.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. The Naval War of 1812 in Annapolis Walking Tour.
 
Categories. GovernmentWar of 1812
 
The State House Dome and Maryland Flag image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, February 8, 2013
3. The State House Dome and Maryland Flag
On the No-Parking Sign.
Richard Schlechtís War of 1812 Mural image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, February 8, 2013
4. Richard Schlechtís War of 1812 Mural
Inside the Maryland State House
Watching from the State House Dome image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, February 8, 2013
5. Watching from the State House Dome
Commodore Barney's Son William views the British Fleet from the State House Dome on Richard Schlechtís Mural
The HMS <i>Menelaus</i> image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, February 8, 2013
6. The HMS Menelaus
Seen through an "excellent glass" from the State House dome on August 20, 1814, on Richard Schlechtís Mural.

21 enslaved African Americans from Annapolis took the opportunity of the panic engendered by the British presence to escape to the Menelaus.
The Port of Annapolis image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, February 8, 2013
7. The Port of Annapolis
During the war of 1812 the Naval Academy had yet to be founded. Annapolis was an important Maryland sea-port and the Capital of the State. Detail from Richard Schlechtís Mural.
Gabriel Hall image. Click for full size.
8. Gabriel Hall
The exhibit "The Enemy Nearly All 'Round Us" in the State House includes this photo of Gabriel Hall, an African American Refugee from Maryland who went over to the British during the War of 1812. He settled in Halifax Nova Scotia following the war.(Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management)
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 474 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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