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Near Welshpool in Charlotte County, New Brunswick — The Canadian Atlantic
 

Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland

 
 
Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., September 23, 2011
1. Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland Marker
Inscription.

Built in 1885, the Mulholland Point Lighthouse (photo 1) served as a guide for the many small coasters and freighters taking the shorter and more foul weather-protected route through the Lubec Narrows. Steamships, such as the Penobscot (photo 2), sailing between Boston, Portland, and Eastport in the 1890s could only travel through the Narrows when the tide was high. Otherwise, they had to steam around the eastern side of Campobello.

The first automobiles brought to the island during Campobello's Summer Colony era often came across from Eastport on the old inter-island steam ferry. As automobile traffic became more popular, various attempts were made to establish a more formal vehicle ferry crossing (photo 3) at the Narrows between Lubec and Campobello. Ferries carrying up to six automobiles operated at various times, but travel often depended upon the tides and fog.

While Governor of New York and later as President, FDR had often shown an interest in bridges, especially bridges between the United States and Canada. Construction of the "Roosevelt Memorial Bridge" began in January of 1960. Costs were shared equally by Canada and the United States. Formal opening of the bridge took place on August 13, 1962.

Navigation lights on the bridge rendered the Mulholland Point Lighthouse obsolete
Friar's Head Observation Deck Markers image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr.
2. Friar's Head Observation Deck Markers
At Roosevelt Campobello International Park
and the Canadian Coast Guard decommissioned the light in 1963. It was sold to a local resident who later sold it to the Look family of Washington County, Maine. In 1984, the Look brothers donated the Mulholland Point Lighthouse to the Roosevelt Campobello International Park Commission.

Visitors to the Mulholland Point picnic area (photo 4) enjoy views of the FDR Memorial Bridge, Lubec, Maine, the Channel Lighthouse, and the islands and waters of Johnson's Bay. Visitors often see harbor seals there, too.

The lighthouse is not open to the public. Other lighthouses in the area include East Quoddy Light on the northern end of Campobello, the Channel Light, south of the international bridge, and West Quoddy Head Light in South Lubec, Maine.
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Érigé en 1885, le phare de la pointe Mulholland (photo 1) a guidé les traversées d'un grand nombre de petites embarcations côtières et des navires cargos. Ces derniers empruntaient la route longeant le passage du "Narrows" situé à Lubec car elle était plus courte et mieux protégée des températures malveillantes. Les bateaux à vapeur, tel que le Penobscot (photo 2), qui naviguaient entre Boston, Portland et Eastport durant les années 1890 pouvaient uniquement traverser le "Narrows" à marée haute. Lors de la marée basse, ces derniers devaient contourner
Photo 1 on Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Unknown, undated
3. Photo 1 on Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland Marker
l'île de Campobello par le sud-est.

L'automobile fit sa première apparition sur l'île à l'époque des colonies estivales. Les premières voitures faisaient la traversée vers l'île sur un vieux traversier, de type bateau à vapeur, en provenance de Eastport. Au fur et à mesure que la circulation se faisait de plus en plus achalandée, on effectua plusieurs tentatives en vue d'établir un système de traversiers plus conventionnel situé au passage du "Narrows" entre Lubec, Maine, et l'île de Campobello (photo 3). L'opération de ces traversiers, transportant jusqu'à six automobiles, était souvent assujettie à la fluctuation des marées et au brouillard intense.

Alors qu'il était gouverneur de l'État du New York, et ensuite Président, FDR démontra un intérêt vif quant à l'érection d'un pont entre le Canada et les États-Unis. La construction du pont "Roosevelt Memorial" débuta en janvier 1960 et les coûts de sa construction furent partagés entre le Canada et les États-Unis. L'inauguration officielle du pont se fit le 13 août 1962.

Les feux de navigation du pont ont éventuellement été remplacé par ceux du phare de la pointe Mulholland suivant la décision de la garde côtière canadienne d'en suspendre leur service en 1963. Par la suite, le phare fut vendu à un résident local qui l'a plus tard vendu à la famille Look du compté de Washington, Maine. En 1984, les
Photo 2 on Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Unknown, undated
4. Photo 2 on Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland Marker
frères Look en firent généreusement don à la Commission du Parc International Roosevelt de Campobello.

Les visiteurs aux aires de pique-nique de la pointe Mulholland (photo 4) sont agrémentés par une vue d'ensemble du pont FDR Memorial à Lubec, Maine, ainsi que par le phare du canal, les îles avoisinantes et les eaux de la baie Johnson. Parfois, les visiteurs peuvent aussi observer la présence de phoques dans le havre.

Le phare n'est pas ouvert au public. Plusieurs autres phares parsèment les côtes de la région, dont ceux de "East Quoddy Light" au nord de l'île de Campobello, le "Channel Light" au sud du pont international et le "West Quoddy Light" au sud de Lubec, Maine.
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Photo 1.
Mulholland Point Lighthouse.
La phare de la pointe Mulholland.

Photo 2.
This summer colony era photo shows the side-wheel steamship Penobscot sailing past the Mulholland Point Lighthouse.
Bateau à vapeur naviguant près du phare de la pointe Mulholland à l'époque des colonies.

Photo 3.
One of Campobello's first car ferries.
Un des premiers traversiers pour automobiles.
 
Erected by Roosevelt Campobello International Park.
 
Location. 44° 52.575′ 
Photo 3 on Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Unknown, 1930s
5. Photo 3 on Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland Marker
N, 66° 58.315′ W. Marker is near Welshpool, New Brunswick, in Charlotte County. Click for map. Marker is at the Friar's Head/Cap Friars Observation Deck accessed off Provincial Road 774, about 0.7 miles west of the main entrance to Roosevelt Campobello International Park. Marker is in this post office area: Welshpool, New Brunswick E5E 1A4, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Roosevelt Campobello International Park (here, next to this marker); Passamaquoddy Tidal Power Project (here, next to this marker); Passamaquoddy Tribe / La Tribu Passamaquoddy (here, next to this marker); Friar's Head / Le Cap Friar (here, next to this marker); Campobello Company and Hotels (here, next to this marker); Panoramic View of Cottages (here, next to this marker); President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (approx. one kilometer away); Roosevelt Campobello Park (approx. one kilometer away). Click for a list of all markers in Welshpool.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
 
Also see . . .
1. Roosevelt Campobello International Park. (Submitted on March 2, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Franklin Delano Roosevelt. (Submitted on March 2, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Bridges & ViaductsMan-Made FeaturesSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels
 
Friar's Head Observation Deck Sign image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr.
6. Friar's Head Observation Deck Sign
Turn here to get to the markers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 500 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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