“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Strasburg in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Cedar Creek

Strategic Crossing


—1864 Valley Campaign —

Cedar Creek Marker image. Click for full size.
By Roger Dean Meyer, June 3, 2006
1. Cedar Creek Marker
Inscription. When Gen. U.S. Grant came East to assume command of all Union forces in 1864, he ordered Gen. Franz Sigel to seize control of the Valley. As Sigel moved south along the Valley Turnpike, Confederates on May 9, 1864, burned the bridge here delaying his advance. Sigel was defeated at New Market a few days later.

Following Sigel’s defeat, and after months of on-and-off fighting, Grant placed Gen. Philip Sheridan in command of the Union army in the Valley. In the pre-dawn darkness of Oct. 19, 1864, Sheridan’s pickets were attacked here by Confederates from Gen. Jubal Early’s army as the Battle of Cedar Creek began. The Confederates were slowed by artillery fire from a Federal battery situated on the hill one-quarter mile northeast of here. Confederate artillery took position on the hills above the Stickley farm, west of the road. These guns sent shells across the creek into the Federal camps. When the Northerners retreated, the Confederate artillery and Gen. G.C. Wharton’s infantry division crossed the bridge and joined the battle raging north of the creek.

That same day, near dusk, a Union counterattack drove the Confederates back across Cedar Creek. While trying to cross the bridge, the last organized Confederate division under Gen. John Pegram was broken. The Southerners gathered what men they could land made a stand along
Three Markers in the Median of the Valley Pike image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 29, 2007
2. Three Markers in the Median of the Valley Pike
the hills to your left and behind you in an effort to save their wagons and artillery, which were then jammed up along the Pike heading south. Their escape failed when Federal cavalry under Gens. George A. Custer and Tom Devin charged the panic-stricken Confederates, capturing men and cannon.

After the Battle of Cedar Creek, the Federals converted Daniel Stickley’s fine brick residence into a field hospital. Wounded from both armies were cared for by U.S. medical staff for weeks following the battle. It is said that the limbs from amputations were piled higher than the table on which the surgery was performed.

Most of the soldiers buried here were re-interred at the military cemeteries in Winchester soon after the war. The remains of John Helms of Atlanta, Georgia, still lie west of the house.

(Caption under picture) The Stickley Mills were among the last of some 100 mills burned by order of Gen. Philip Sheridan during the fall of 1864. Sheridan’s cavalry also torched more than 2,000 barns and destroyed an estimated 15,000 farm animals sin the region during the period known as The Burning. The remains of the mills are still visible west of the Pike.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
The Stickley House image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 29, 2007
3. The Stickley House
The red house and barn still stand today beside the highway on private property. The hill behind the house figured importantly in the initial Confederate advance for the battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864. Confederate artillery posted there bombarded the Federal positions on the high ground to the north and east. Wharton's Confederate division staged here before crossing Cedar Creek, and advanced through Middletown.
39° 0.421′ N, 78° 19.163′ W. Marker is in Strasburg, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker is on Valley Pike (U.S. 11) 0.4 miles north of Quarry Road, in the median. Click for map. In the median between the north and south bound lanes of US 11. Marker is in this post office area: Strasburg VA 22657, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Cedar Creek (here, next to this marker); Fort Bowman (here, next to this marker); Frederick County / Shenandoah County (approx. 0.2 miles away); 128th New York Volunteer Regiment (approx. half a mile away); Samuel Kercheval (approx. half a mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Strasburg.
Regarding Cedar Creek. The Cedar Creek battlefield is interpreted by several markers. See the Battle of Cedar Creek Virtual Tour by Markers link below.
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Cedar Creek. National Parks Service Summary. (Submitted on September 30, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Battle of Cedar Creek Virtual Tour by Markers. The related markers here follow a tour of the Cedar Creek Battlefield, October 19, 1864. (Submitted on December 8, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Battle of Cedar Creek Preservation Efforts
The Stickley Residence image. Click for full size.
By Linda Walcroft, October 24, 2014
4. The Stickley Residence
. Civil War Preservation Trust site detailing preservation efforts at the battlefield. The site includes a wealth of background information on the battle and an animated map. (Submitted on October 18, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

4. Grave marker for John Helms. (Submitted on October 28, 2014, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia.)
Categories. War, US Civil
Remains of the Mill image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 29, 2007
5. Remains of the Mill
Remains of the Stickley Mill still stand next to the modern day Valley Pike. The ruins are on private property, however, and cannot be examined without permission.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 2,386 times since then and 55 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota.   2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on , by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia.   5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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