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Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
James Buchanan
Diplomat, Statesman, and Fifteenth President of the United States

Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
 
James Buchanan Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, March 2, 2013
1. James Buchanan Marker
 
Inscription. Buchanan was our only bachelor president and relied upon his orphaned niece, Harriet Lane, to act as his First Lady during his years in the White House (1857 to 1861). In her estate, Harriet Lane Johnson made a bequest to fund a memorial to her uncle. Designed by architect William Gordon Beecher and sculpted by Maryland artist Hans Schuler, the memorial was dedicated on June 26, 1930. It features a bronze statue of Buchanan with stone figures of Law and Diplomacy at each end, representing Buchanan's career in public service.

Before becoming president, Buchanan served in the House of Representatives for nearly 18 years. He was Minister to Russia from 1832 to 1834, then a Senator until 1845. He declined an appointment to the Supreme Court by President Polk in 1844, serving instead as Polk's Secretary of State. In that post, helped negotiate the 1846 Oregon Treaty, which established the 49th parallel as the northern boundary of the western United States.

Hostilities in Congress over slavery, abolition, and secession made Buchanan's presidency difficult. His was plagued by financial panic and then a revolt of Mormons in 1857, which the press called the Utah War. On Buchanan's final day as president, March 4, 1861, he remarked to the incoming Lincoln, "If you are as happy entering the White House as I shall feel returning to Wheatland you are a happy man."
 
James Buchanan Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, March 2, 2013
2. James Buchanan Marker
 

 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
 
Location. 38° 55.16′ N, 77° 2.176′ W. Marker is in Washington, District of Columbia. Marker is at the intersection of 16th Street and W Street on 16th Street. Click for map. The marker is one of three at the entrance to Meridian Hill Park at 16th street and W street in North West Washington. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20009, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Gathering Place for Washingtonians (here, next to this marker); Mrs. Henderson's Legacy (within shouting distance of this marker); Buchanan (about 400 feet away, in a direct line); Meridian Hill Park (about 500 feet away); Meridian Hill/Malcolm X Park (about 500 feet away); Pitts Motor Hotel (about 600 feet away); Saint Augustine Roman Catholic Church (about 700 feet away); The Fedora (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Washington.
 
Also see . . .  Meridan Hill Park. Link appears on the marker. (Submitted on March 5, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.) 
 
James Buchanan Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, March 2, 2013
3. James Buchanan
 
 
Our National Bird Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, March 2, 2013
4. Our National Bird
Opposition commentary on the state of the nation at the beginning of Buchanan's presidency and at the end
 
 
Buchanan and his cabinet. Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, March 2, 2013
5. Buchanan and his cabinet.
Quoted on Buchanan's memorial, cabinet member Jeremiah S. Black, far right, called Buchanan "the incorruptible statesman whose walk was upon the mountain ranges of the law."
 
 
Buchanan's Inauguration Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, March 2, 2013
6. Buchanan's Inauguration
The first Presidential inaugural ever to be photographed was James Buchanan's. On March 4, 1857, photographer John Wood recorded the event as it took place in the midst of the Capitol building construction site.
 
 
James Buchanan Memoral Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, March 2, 2013
7. James Buchanan Memoral
By Sculptor Hans Schuler and Architect William Gordon Beecher. This memorial is across the park from the marker near the corner of W Street and 15th Street.
 
 
James Buchanan Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, February 10, 2007
8. James Buchanan
Bronze Statue by Hans Schuler
 
 
James Buchanan Statue Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, February 10, 2007
9. James Buchanan Statue
By Hans Schuler
 
 
Diplomacy Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, February 10, 2007
10. Diplomacy
Granite figure by Hans Schuler on the Buchanan Memorial
 
 
You Are Here Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, March 2, 2013
11. You Are Here
The Marker and the Memorial appear on a map from a nearby orientation marker
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on March 5, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 200 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on March 5, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   11. submitted on March 6, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
 
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