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Ottawa in National Capital Region, Ontario — Central Canada
 

By Ward Market Heritage Conservation District

District de Conservation du Patrimoine du Marché By

 
 
By Ward Market Heritage Conservation District Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., February 19, 2013
1. By Ward Market Heritage Conservation District Marker
Inscription.

The dense cedar bog that became the site of the By Ward Market was drained and cleared in 1827 by Lieutenant-Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers to accommodate the workers building the Rideau Canal. The area rapidly became the commercial core of Bytown and later served the region's farming communities and the Ottawa Valley lumber industry, whose itinerant lumbermen gave the town its rowdy reputation. Over the next century the By Ward Market housed the businesses and institutions that served the area's Irish, French-Canadian and Jewish communities.

The By Ward Market District is characterized by a variety of building types. The substantial masonry buildings along both sides of Sussex Drive housed prominent businesses, while the more modest structures surrounding the Market Square held retail and agricultural supply stores. The area's inner courtyards contained warehouses and industrial workshops while the District's numerous hotels and taverns were centered along York, Clarence and Murray Streets.
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La dense région marécageuse, garnie de cèdres, qui deviendra l'emplacement du marché By fut asséchée et déboisée en 1827 par le Lieutenant-Colonel John By, des Ingénieurs Royaux, afin d'accueillir les ouvriers affectés à la construction du Canal
District de Conservation du Patrimoine du Marché By Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., February 19, 2013
2. District de Conservation du Patrimoine du Marché By Marker
Rideau. Le secteur devint rapidement le centre commercial de Bytown et desservit plus tard les communautés agricoles de le région et l'industrie du bois de sciage de la Vallée de l'Outaouais. C'est d'ailleurs aux bûcherons itinérants que Bytown doit sa réputation de ville malfamée. Au cours de siècle suivant, le marché By a abrité les commerces et le institutions au service des communautés Irlandaise, Canadienne-Française et Juive.

Le district du marché By se caractérise par la variété de ses types d'immeubles, les imposantes constructions en maçonnerie des deux côtés de la proménade Sussex étaient occupées par d'importantes entreprises, tandis qui les structures plus modestes entourant la place du marché accueillaient des commerces de détail et d'approvisionnement agricole. Les cours intérieures abritaient des entrepôts et des ateliers industriels, et les nombreux hôtels et tavernes du district étaient concentrés dans les rues York, Clarence et Murray.
 
Erected by City of Ottawa.
 
Location. 45° 25.631′ N, 75° 41.531′ W. Marker is in Ottawa, Ontario, in National Capital Region. Marker is at the intersection of George Street and By Ward Market Square, on the left when traveling east on George Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9C3, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers.
By Ward Market image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., February 19, 2013
3. By Ward Market
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Grand Central Hotel / Hôtel Grand Central (within shouting distance of this marker); Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); The Rideau Canal (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); The Commissariat (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Sappers’ Bridge (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); The Rideau Waterway (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant) (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Lieutenant Colonel Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry, CB (approx. 0.4 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in Ottawa.
 
Also see . . .
1. Byward Market / Marché By, Ottawa. (Submitted on March 8, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Heritage Conservation District Study - Byward Market (2009). (Submitted on March 8, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceMan-Made FeaturesSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 307 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on March 11, 2017.
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