Ottawa, Ontario — Central Canada
By Ward Market Heritage Conservation District
District de Conservation du Patrimoine du Marché By
The dense cedar bog that became the site of the By Ward Market was drained and cleared in 1827 by Lieutenant-Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers to accommodate the workers building the Rideau Canal. The area rapidly became the commercial core of Bytown and later served the region's farming communities and the Ottawa Valley lumber industry, whose itinerant lumbermen gave the town its rowdy reputation. Over the next century the By Ward Market housed the businesses and institutions that served the area's Irish, French-Canadian and Jewish communities.
The By Ward Market District is characterized by a variety of building types. The substantial masonry buildings along both sides of Sussex Drive housed prominent businesses, while the more modest structures surrounding the Market Square held retail and agricultural supply stores. The area's inner courtyards contained warehouses and industrial workshops while the District's numerous hotels and taverns were centered along York, Clarence and Murray Streets.
La dense région marécageuse, garnie de cèdres, qui deviendra l'emplacement du marché By fut asséchée et déboisée en 1827 par le Lieutenant-Colonel John By, des Ingénieurs Royaux, afin d'accueillir les ouvriers affectés à la construction du Canal
Le district du marché By se caractérise par la variété de ses types d'immeubles, les imposantes constructions en maçonnerie des deux côtés de la proménade Sussex étaient occupées par d'importantes entreprises, tandis qui les structures plus modestes entourant la place du marché accueillaient des commerces de détail et d'approvisionnement agricole. Les cours intérieures abritaient des entrepôts et des ateliers industriels, et les nombreux hôtels et tavernes du district étaient concentrés dans les rues York, Clarence et Murray.
Erected by City of Ottawa.
Location. 45° 25.631′ N, 75° 41.531′ W. Marker is in Ottawa, Ontario. Marker is at the intersection of George Street and By Ward Market Square, on the left when traveling east on George Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9C3, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At Grand Central Hotel / Hôtel Grand Central (within shouting distance of this marker); Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); The Rideau Canal (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); The Commissariat (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Sappers’ Bridge (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); The Rideau Waterway (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant) (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Lieutenant Colonel Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry, CB (approx. 0.4 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in Ottawa.
Also see . . .
1. Byward Market / Marché By, Ottawa. (Submitted on March 8, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Heritage Conservation District Study - Byward Market (2009). (Submitted on March 8, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Man-Made Features • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 293 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.