Columbia Heights in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Campus to Army Camps and Back Again
—Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark —
During the Civil War, the Union Army commandeered the farmland on which Meridian Hill Park would eventually be built. The Army built camps there with names like Cameron, Relief, Carver, and Barclay. As the war continued, numerous hospitals, including Columbian and Mount Pleasant, were established in the same area.
After the Civil War, Meridian Hill became a middle-class African American neighborhood. Wayland Seminary, which had opened in Foggy Bottom to train young African American men and women as preachers and teachers for the South, moved to a building at Chapin and 15th Streets in 1875. The school operated there until merging with Richmond Theological Seminary in 1899 to form Virginia Union University in Richmond. Booker T. Washington, noted African American political leader,educator, orator, and author, was one of Wayland's distinguished alumni.
For more information go to: www.nps.gov/mehi
Captain Grover of New York's 76th Regiment wrote home in 1861, "We encamped in the edge of what must
Erected by National Park Service.
Location. 38° 55.383′ N, 77° 2.124′ W. Marker is in Columbia Heights, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is at the intersection of 15th Street and Euclid Street, on the left when traveling north on 15th Street. Click for map. The marker is at the northeast entrance to Meridian Hill Park just south of the intersection of Euclid Street and 15th Street. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20009, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mansions, Parks, and People (within shouting distance of this marker); A Hilltop for Heroes and Horse Thieves (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Visionary and Park Champion (about 300 feet away); Creating the "City Beautiful" (about 300 feet away); Design Challenges Park Designers (about 300 feet away); Life on the Park (about 300 feet away); Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania (about 400 feet away).
Also see . . . www.nps.gov/mehi. This URL appears on the Marker. (Submitted on March 16, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.)
Categories. • African Americans • Education • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 412 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on November 27, 2016.