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Lockhart in Caldwell County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Battle of Plum Creek

 
 
Battle of Plum Creek Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney, September 13, 2004
1. Battle of Plum Creek Marker
Inscription. The harsh anti-Indian policies of President Mirabeau B. Lamar and Mexican efforts to weaken the Republic of Texas stirred Indian hostilities. Hatred increased after the Council House Fight in San Antonio, March 19, 1840, where 12 Comanche chiefs were killed.

After regrouping and making plans for revenge, 600 Comanches and Kiowas, including women and children, moved across central Texas in early August. They raided Victoria and Linnville (120 mi. SE), a prosperous seaport. About 200 Texans met at Good's Crossing on Plum Creek under Major-General Felix Huston (1800-1857) to stop the Indians. Adorned with their plunder from Linnville, the war party stretched for miles across the prairie.

The Battle of Plum Creek, August 12, 1840, began on Comanche Flats (5.5 mi. SE) and proceeded to Kelley springs (2.5 mi. SW), with skirmishes as far as present San Marcos and Kyle. Mathew Caldwell (1798-1842), for whom Caldwell County was named, was injured in the Council House fight but took part in this battle. Volunteers under Edward Burleson (1793-1851) included 13 Tonkawa Indians, marked as Texan allies by white armbands. Texan casualties were light while the Indians lost over 80 chiefs and warriors. This battle ended the Comanche penetration of settled portions of Texas.
 
Erected 1978 by
Approx area of Comanche Flats where battle began, about 5.5 SE of marker. image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney
2. Approx area of Comanche Flats where battle began, about 5.5 SE of marker.
Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 9783.)
 
Location. 29° 52.906′ N, 97° 40.163′ W. Marker is in Lockhart, Texas, in Caldwell County. Marker is on Route 183, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Near intersection of US 183 and SH 142 in Lions Park. Marker is in this post office area: Lockhart TX 78644, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 18 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Caldwell County (approx. 0.2 miles away); Caldwell County Courthouse (approx. mile away); Caldwell County Confederate Soldiers Memorial (approx. mile away); First Presbyterian Church of Lockhart (approx. 0.3 miles away); Rafael Rios No. 1 (approx. 11.9 miles away); Buda (approx. 17.3 miles away); Antioch Colony (approx. 17.8 miles away).
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Plum Creek. (Submitted on July 5, 2009, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.)
2. Casas Reales, site of Council House Fight, San Antonio. The "Council House Fight" between Texians and Comanches took place at the Casas Reales in San Antonio and was a key event leading to the Battle of Plum Creek. (Submitted on July 7, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.) 
 
Categories. Native AmericansNotable EventsNotable PlacesWars, US Indian
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. This page has been viewed 5,258 times since then and 51 times this year. Last updated on , by Frank Borkes of Lockhart, Texas. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. A photo of the marker and the surrounding area in context. • Can you help?
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