Augusta in Richmond County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
...the Key of all the Indian Countrey"
— James Edward Oglethorpe, 1739
James Edward Oglethorpe captured the lucrative Indian trade for the colony of Georgia, when he founded Augusta in 1736. He planned the town of 40 lots as abase of operations for the Indian traders, and established a military post for their protection. The fort also served as a warning to the French at Mobile and the Spanish at St. Augustine, who were vying for control of the same Indian trade and territory. (Map Included)
Oglethorpe wrote that Augusta was "the great resort for the Indian trade and there is a very pretty Town built... without any expense to the Trust except the Garrison for their protection."
Augusta's storekeepers and packhorsemen swapped European goods for deer skins with the Creeks, Chickasaws, and Choctaws to the west, and the Cherokees and Catawbas to the north.
The rough and tumble town soon began to show signs of civilization when the citizens built a church in 1749 and applied foe an Anglican minister. (Picture included)
Location. 33° 28.594′ N, 81° 57.942′ W. Marker is in Augusta, Georgia, in Richmond County Click for map. Located in Augusta Commons. Marker is in this post office area: Augusta GA 30901, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Original Augusta Common - 1736 (within shouting distance of this marker); General James Edward Oglethorpe (within shouting distance of this marker); James Edward Oglethorpe (within shouting distance of this marker); The Mayham Tower (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Augusta Cotton Exchange (about 400 feet away); James Brown (Plaza) (about 400 feet away); A Memorial To Eli Whitney (about 400 feet away); William Makepeace Thackeray (about 600 feet away but has been reported missing). Click for a list of all markers in Augusta.
Regarding Colonial Augusta. Archeaological evidence has proven the existence of Indian villages in the Augusta area as early as 2,500 B.C., and a type of decorated pottery found at varios sites is amoung the oldest in North America. Just north of the present-day city of Augusta, the river falls across broken ridges of rock, allowing deer and buffalo, as well as the hunters that stalked them, a safe passage across the water.The area became the crossroads where several ancient Indian trails met at the river. Even before the founding of the
Two major conferences of the Indian chieftains and representatives of colonial governments held in Augusta in 1763 and 1773 resulted in land treaties which opened large areas to the north and west of Augusta for further settlement.
Categories. • Colonial Era • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 258 times since then and 63 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.