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Baytown in Harris County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Humble Oil & Refining Company

 
 
Humble Oil & Refining Company Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, April 13, 2013
1. Humble Oil & Refining Company Marker
Inscription. Ross S. Sterling entered the oil business in 1909, when he invested in the Humble oil field north of Houston. Two years later he formed the Humble Oil Company with five partners: Walter W. Fondren, Charles B. Goddard, William Stamps Farlish, Robert Lee Blaffer, and Harry Carothers Wiess. Sterling's brother, Frank, became a company director in 1914.

In 1917 the company obtained a state charter under the name Humble Oil & Refining Company. In order to finance the building of a refinery, fifty percent of the company stock was sold to Standard Oil of New Jersey. The first oil was pumped into a still at the new refinery on May 11, 1920.

As the company expanded and employed more people, a town grew up around the refinery. The company provided low-interest home loans to its employees. By the 1930s research was being conducted at the Baytown refinery, resulting in the production of vital products for the U. S. war effort during World War II.

The post-war years saw additional expansion at the refinery, and the company was merged with Standard Oil of New Jersey in 1959. The Humble name was used until 1972, when Standard Oil Company (NJ) became known as Exxon Corporation.
 
Erected 1989 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 10703.)
 
Location.
Humble Oil & Refining Company Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, April 13, 2013
2. Humble Oil & Refining Company Marker
29° 45.285′ N, 94° 59.768′ W. Marker is in Baytown, Texas, in Harris County. Marker is on San Jacinto Avenue 200 miles south of Decker Drive, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. The marker is near the front gate to the Exxon refinery. Marker is in this post office area: Baytown TX 77520, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Goose Creek Stream (approx. 1.5 miles away); Homesite of William Scott (approx. 2.1 miles away); K'Nesseth Israel Synagogue (approx. 2.2 miles away); Wooster School (approx. 2.7 miles away); Dr. Ashbel Smith (approx. 2.7 miles away); Bayland Orphanage (approx. 2.9 miles away); The Bayland Guards (approx. 2.9 miles away); Confederate Naval Works at Goose Creek (approx. 2.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Baytown.
 
Regarding Humble Oil & Refining Company. ExxonMobil's (originally Humble Oil) Baytown Refinery in Baytown, Texas is the largest oil refinery in the United States, with an input capacity of over 1/2 million barrels per day. The now large City of Baytown, Texas came into existence as a result of the refinery's location. The nearby area was originally called Goose Creek because there was a small settlement on the banks of the creek and an oilfield (called the Goose Creek oil field). There
Humble Oil & Refining Company, Baytown Refinery Taken from Near Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, April 22, 2013
3. Humble Oil & Refining Company, Baytown Refinery Taken from Near Marker
were even oil wells in the creek and in Tabbs Bay where Goose Creek empties. The community of Goose Creek has been absorbed into Baytown.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Moonshine Hill in nearby Humble, TX is the reason for the name "Humble Oil".
 
Also see . . .
1. Humble Oil & Refining Company in Wikipedia. (Submitted on April 13, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
2. Goose Creek Oil Field in Wikipedia. (Submitted on April 13, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
 
Goose Creek Oil Field image. Click for full size.
By Wikimedia Commons, 1919
4. Goose Creek Oil Field
I think this is a shot of where Goose Creek empties into Tabbs Bay
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. This page has been viewed 429 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.   3. submitted on , by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.   4. submitted on . • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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