Atlanta in Fulton County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
In 1852 the Atlanta City Council ruled that African Americans were to be buried in a segregated section at the rear of Oakland Cemetery, at the eastern boundary of the original 6 acres. By the beginning of the Civil war, more than 800 persons had been buried in this section that was known as Slave Square. As more acres were purchased, the cemetery expanded around Slave Square to its current size of 48 acres. In 1866 the Atlanta City Council established a segregated burial ground at the rear of the 48 acres for African Americans. By the 1870s most of the burial plots in Oakland had been sold, and more were needed. In 1877 the City Council ordered that the bodies and bones of the African Americans buried in Slave Square were to be removed and reburied in Oakland's "colored pauper grounds." The old grave spaces in Slave Square were replotted and resold to whites. Legal segregation at Oakland Cemetery ended in 1963 when the City of Atlanta banned segregated public facilities.
[Photo captions read]
(Top) Aerial view of the Atlanta skyline on the eve of the Civil War. Courtesy Atlanta History Center
(Middle, right) Business on Whitehall Street advertising "Auction and Negro Sales," Atlanta, 1864. Courtesy Library of Congress
(Bottom, right) Antislavery woodcut that was the seal of England's Society
Erected by Historic Oakland Foundation.
Location. 33° 44.879′ N, 84° 22.365′ W. Marker is in Atlanta, Georgia, in Fulton County. Click for map. Marker is in Oakland Cemetery. Marker is at or near this postal address: 248 Oakland Avenue SE, Atlanta GA 30312, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Confederate Soldiers Plot (a few steps from this marker); Dr. Noel d'Alvigny (a few steps from this marker); Dr. Charles d'Alvigny (a few steps from this marker); John Brown Gordon (a few steps from this marker); Alfred Iverson, Jr. (within shouting distance of this marker); Moses W. Formwalt (within shouting distance of this marker); Clement Anselm Evans (within shouting distance of this marker); "Out in the Rain" (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Atlanta.
Also see . . . Historic Oakland Cemetery, Atlanta. (Submitted on April 27, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • African Americans • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Civil Rights • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 418 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.