“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near South Strafford in Orange County, Vermont — The American Northeast (New England)

Elizabeth Mine

Elizabeth Mine marker image. Click for full size.
By PaulwC3, April 27, 2013
1. Elizabeth Mine marker
Inscription. In the 1790s a body of ore was discovered here, leading to the production of copperas from 1809 - 1880s and the intermittent production of copper from 1832 - 1958. The mine site covered 850 acres, and over three million tons of ore were extracted from open cuts and below ground. By 1834 the site included one of the nation's earliest successful large-scale copper smelting plants. Employing as many as 220 workers, the mine had a major impact on the economic and cultural development of Strafford and surrounding towns. By the 1980s the site was identified as a source of pollution in nearby streams. It was designated a National Priorities List (Superfund) clean-up site in 2001 by the Environmental Protection Agency, and a massive remediation effort followed.
Erected 2012 by Vermont Division for Historic Preservation.
Location. 43° 49.463′ N, 72° 19.961′ W. Marker is near South Strafford, Vermont, in Orange County. Marker is on Mine Road 0.1 miles north of Copperas Road, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: South Strafford VT 05070, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Furnace Flat (approx. mile away);
Wide view of the Elizabeth Mine marker image. Click for full size.
By PaulwC3, April 27, 2013
2. Wide view of the Elizabeth Mine marker
Located on the western rim overlooking the mine pit from Mine Road.
Justin Smith Morrill / Morrill Homestead (approx. 3.5 miles away); Strafford Village (approx. 3.6 miles away); Strafford (approx. 3.6 miles away); First Public Grammar School (approx. 7.7 miles away); Alden Partridge (approx. 7.8 miles away); Town of Norwich (approx. 7.8 miles away); Theta Chi Fraternity (approx. 7.8 miles away).
Also see . . .
1. South Strafford's Elizabeth Copper Mine - Vermont Historical Society. The Elizabeth Copper Mine in South Strafford, Vermont, has an interesting history, from the initial discovery of its sulphide ore body in 1793 through its final closing in 1958. (Submitted on April 30, 2013, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.) 

2. Site Fact Sheet for the EPA New England Superfund site Elizabeth Mine. The Elizabeth Mine is an abandoned copper mine located on Mine Road in the Village of South Strafford within the Town of Strafford, Orange County, Vermont. The Elizabeth Mine site is situated in a rural setting, on the east side of Copperas Hill. Topography of the area consists of north-south trending hills and valleys. Woodlands surround
Elizabeth Mine image. Click for full size.
By PaulwC3, April 27, 2013
3. Elizabeth Mine
A present day view of the EPA Superfund remediated main open pit. It took nearly a decade of work to clean up over 150 years of mining at the 850 acre site.
the mine property. Undeveloped and residential properties border the site's western margin. Site elevations range from approximately 1,000 feet to 1,300 feet above mean sea level. The property consists of two mine tailings piles, one area of waste rock and heap leach piles, two open-cut mines, several adits (horizontal mine entrances), underground shafts and tunnels, ventilation shafts, and several former ore processing buildings.
(Submitted on May 1, 2013, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.) 
Categories. EnvironmentIndustry & Commerce
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. This page has been viewed 415 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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