Goldsboro in Wayne County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
for black citizens with
mental illness. Named in
1959 for R. Gregg Cherry,
governor, 1945-49. Open
to all races since 1965.
Erected 2001 by Division of Archives and History. (Marker Number F-61.)
Location. 35° 23.712′ N, 78° 1.837′ W. Marker is in Goldsboro, North Carolina, in Wayne County. Marker is on Old Smithfield Road (State Highway 581) half a mile north of West Ash Street /Stevens Mill Road, on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Goldsboro NC 27530, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Waynesborough (approx. 1.8 miles away); Foster's Raid (approx. 1.9 miles away); General Baptist State Convention (approx. 1.9 miles away); Kenneth C. Royall (approx. 2 miles away); Gertrude Weil (approx. 2 miles away); Sherman's March (approx. 2 miles away); North Carolina Railroad (approx. 2.1 miles away); John Lawson (approx. 2.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Goldsboro.
Regarding Cherry Hospital. Mental health care in North Carolina can be traced to Dorothea Dix’s appeals to the legislature
In 1878 the state purchased from William T. Dortch 171 acres two miles west of Goldsboro for a hospital to serve “exclusively for the accommodation, maintenance, care, and treatment of the colored insane of the state.” The site was selected in part because it was near the center of the state’s black population. For eighty-five years the hospital served the black citizens of all 100 counties. Originally known as the “Asylum for the Colored Insane,” the institution enrolled its first patient on August 1, 1880. The first superintendent, Dr. William Moore, answered to a board of nine directors.
The institution’s name was changed to the Eastern North Carolina Insane Asylum, then to the State Hospital at Goldsboro, and in 1959 to Cherry Hospital to honor R. Gregg Cherry, governor of North Carolina from 1945 to 1949.
Categories. • African Americans • Charity & Public Work • Science & Medicine •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 297 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.