Near Erie in Neosho County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Originally from the Ohio Valley, the Osages agreed in 1810 to a treaty to relinquish lands in Missouri and relocate along the Neosho River in Kansas. Under the leadership of Chief Pahuska, called White Hair, the Osages lived and hunted on their new reservation where they faced attacks from their rivals, the Cherokees. A trading post was soon established and in 1824 the first Indian mission and school in this area was built. Operated by Presbyterians and associated denominations, it was located about 3.5 miles west of here. The missionaries failed to attract pupils and to convince the Osages to trade a hunting lifestyle for farming. The mission was also unsuccessful in converting the Osages to Christianity and closed in 1829. A Catholic mission established in 1842 found more success than the early mission. During the Civil War, the Osages formed a regiment and helped counter a Confederate attack. The Osages were forced to leave Kansas in 1870. Today the Osage Nationís federal reservation lands (approximately 1.5 million acres) are located in north central Oklahoma.
Erected 2012 by State of Kansas. (Marker Number 52.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kansas Historical Society marker series.
Location. Click for map. Marker is near the entrance to Prairie Ridge Golf Course, about two miles north of Erie. Marker is at or near this postal address: 15900 US Highway 59, Erie KS 66733, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Mission Neosho (here, next to this marker); Veterans Memorial (approx. 2.3 miles away); Lieutenant Leland R. Richey, U.S.N.R. (approx. 2.4 miles away); American Legion Post 102 Veterans Memorial (approx. 2.5 miles away); Civil War Soldiers and Sailors Memorial (approx. 3.2 miles away); War Memorial (approx. 7.1 miles away); Osage Catholic Mission (approx. 7.7 miles away); Chanute Area Veterans Memorial (approx. 11.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Erie.
Regarding Osage Nation. This marker replaced the Kansas Historical Marker titled "Mission Neosho"
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. The Osage Nation Official Website. (Submitted on June 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. Mission Neosho: The First Kansas Mission. (Submitted on June 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
3. Neosho County at Kansapedia. (Submitted on June 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Churches, Etc. • Native Americans • Politics •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 270 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.