“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pigeon Forge in Sevier County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Fort Wear

Fort Wear Marker image. Click for full size.
By Marcia Nelson, June 12, 2013
1. Fort Wear Marker
Inscription. Col. Samuel Wear built Fort Wear in this vicinity about 1781, the year that Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown. Fort Wear was one of nearly a dozen forts built in the 1780s in Sevier County. Its blockhouse was made from sturdy hand-hewn logs and was still a refuge in 1793. The fort was on a branch of the Great Indian War Path, which was also a trading route from Virginia to the Cherokee towns on the Little Tennessee River. This site, once surrounded by buffalo and other wild game, was in the wilderness western territory of North Carolina, one of the thirteen original colonies.

Some of the first settlers from western North Carolina had received land grants from their home state before Tennessee was formed. When Wear settled here, the U.S. Government and the Cherokee people considered this area to be Indian hunting grounds. However, there were pioneers who believed that the Native Americans had relinquished their right of ownership by aligning themselves with Great Britain in the war. This conflict led to fighting between the whites and the Native Americans.

North Carolina, not yet a state, unsuccessfully attempted to cede this western country to the Continental Congress in 1784. As a result, pioneers chose to secede from North Carolina at Jonesboro in 1784, and the area became the independent State of Franklin for
Fort Wear Marker image. Click for full size.
By Marcia Nelson, June 12, 2013
2. Fort Wear Marker
four years. In 1789, North Carolina successfully ceded the area to the U.S. Government.

Fort Wear was in the U.S. Territory South of the River Ohio from 1790 to 1796, until Tennessee was finally admitted to the Union on June 1, 1796. The fort was a haven for soldiers and settlers as North Carolina, the United States Government and the State of Franklin made treaties with the Indians, one superseding the other.

Samuel Wear was a patriot who fought for the American Colonies before the Revolution. During the American Revolution, he stood with Col. John Sevier at the Battle of Kings Mountain in1780. He defended settlers during the Indian Campaigns and was commissioned a colonel prior to fighting in the War of 1812. He served in the Sevier County and East Tennessee Militias.

Col. Wear was a leader in the formation of county, territorial, State of Franklin and Tennessee governments. He served as representative to the territorial legislature and was Sevier County Court Clerk for many years. He helped draft the Tennessee State Constitution in Knoxville and was a signer of the document in 1796.

Samuel Cole Williams, Associate Justice of the Tennessee Supreme Court, said: “Wear was a man of much force of character, brave in battle and wise in council.” His participation in territorial government and in Tennesseeís formation gives Col. Wear a prominent place in Tennessee history. (Below) Tennessee Constitution Preamble and Signatures – 1796 Photos below by Tennessee Library & Archives

Richard L. Kelton, a Wear descendent, stands by the Colonelís monument, dedicated in 1925, located nearby. Col. Samuel Wear (1753-1817) brought his family here from Augusta County, Virginia. His son Robert Wear, born November 4, 1781, was likely the first white child born in this area. Col. Wearís brother John, a soldier, marched to Wearís Fort in early 1782. (Above:) Three of Col. Samuel Wearís grandsons, from left to right: Jefferson, John and Lavater Wear.

(Left) Illustration by Phyllis Hatcher Sims. (Above) Fort Marr Blockhouse, pictured for comparison, is near Benton, TN.
Erected 2013 by City of Pigeon Forge.
Location. 35° 48.405′ N, 83° 35.006′ W. Marker is in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee, in Sevier County. Marker is on Library Drive 0.2 miles north of Community Center Drive, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Located in Pigeon Forge City Park east of the tennis courts parking lot behind the public library. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2449 Library Drive, Pigeon Forge TN 37863, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wear's Fort (approx. 0.3 miles away); Henderson Springs Resort (approx. 0.4 miles away); Shiloh Church (approx. 0.6 miles away); a different marker also named Shiloh Church (approx. 0.6 miles away); Titanic Eternal Flame (approx. one mile away); Titanicís Center Anchor (approx. one mile away); Early Pigeon Forge (approx. 2 miles away); Unionists Within the Confederacy (approx. 2.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Pigeon Forge.
Categories. Forts, CastlesNative AmericansSettlements & SettlersWar, US Revolutionary
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Marcia Nelson of Pigeon Forge, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 537 times since then and 123 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Marcia Nelson of Pigeon Forge, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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