Lewiston in Niagara County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Lower Landing
Northern terminus of the Niagara Porter, early bypass route around Niagara Falls
Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, control of the Portage was seen as vital to early European trade and exploration efforts. This led to many conflicts between the French, the British, and the Native peoples - particularly the Seneca, westernmost nation of the Iroquois League. As a result of the early struggle for control of the Portage many blockhouses and forts were built, including Fort Niagara, seven miles to the north. During the British period, limestone quarried from the site provided building blocks for several structures at Fort niagara. In later years the site provided stone for buildings in Lewiston and nearby areas. As commerce developed on the British/Canadian shore of the river, following the American Revolution, the Lower Landing and the old Portage gradually
During the 1850s the area may have been an active path to freedom for African Americans escaping from slavery. By the early 1890s, the Great Gorge Railroad and its successors were bringing tourists from Niagara Falls to Lewiston. After the demise of the railroads the site continued to support local industry such as the Porter Fiber Bottle works. Later, with the era of Prohibition in the 1920s the area is said to have been an entry point for rum-runners bringing illegal liquor into the U.S.
Finally, the property was acquired by the New York State Power Authority in the 1950s for use as a dump for spoils from construction of the New York State Power Project. Thanks to the efforts of numerous individuals a portion of the area was saved and designated as Lewiston State Park. Through the additional efforts of Senator Earl W. Bridges and Governor Nelson Rockefeller, the park was dedicated to the arts with the creation of Artpark in 1974.
Location. 43° 9.981′ N, 79° 2.766′ W. Marker is in Lewiston, New York, in Niagara County. Marker can be reached from South 4th Street south of Tuscarora Street. Click for map. This historical marker is located on the grounds of the Earl W. Brydges Artpark. To get to this historic marker one must
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lower Landing Archeological District (within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome to Earl W. Brydges Artpark State Park (within shouting distance of this marker); The Cradles (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Demler (within shouting distance of this marker); The Gully and Portage Road (within shouting distance of this marker); The Magazin Royale (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lewiston Mound (about 400 feet away); Fort Joncaire (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Lewiston.
Also see . . . Lower Landing Archeological District. This is a link to information provided by Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (Submitted on June 27, 2013, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • Colonial Era • Native Americans • War, French and Indian •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 424 times since then. Photos: 1. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. 2. submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.