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Baltimore, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Cistern and Well

 
 
Cistern and Well Marker image. Click for full size.
By Paul Jordan, August 4, 2010
1. Cistern and Well Marker
Inscription. Fort McHenry was surrounded by water, but none of it was fit to drink. In the early years, soldiers rowed into Baltimore to fill casks with fresh well water. They also collected rainwater from the barracks' roofs in a cistern located in this corner of the star fort.

When a British attack seemed imminent in 1813, the Army began work on a more reliable water source. On the parade behind you they dug a well. The shaft descended 95 feet (29m) through layers of earth, mud, foul water, and clay until it reached pure water.

Today the cistern and well are no longer visible, but archeological investigations in 1978 have confirmed their existence.

(inset)
The stairs ahead lead to Bastion No. 4 and a fine view of the outer artillery battery and the harbor.

From there you may walk to your right along the rampart to Bastion No. 3, where the British scored a direct hit on an American gun emplacement.
 
Location. 39° 15.781′ N, 76° 34.795′ W. Marker is in Baltimore, Maryland. Click for map. The marker is at the edge of the Parade Ground between the two buildings that are the enlisted men's barracks. Marker is in this post office area: Baltimore MD 21230, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance
Cistern and Well Marker image. Click for full size.
By Paul Jordan, August 4, 2010
2. Cistern and Well Marker
of this marker. 1814 Enlisted Men's Barracks, No 2 (within shouting distance of this marker); In Full Glory Reflected (within shouting distance of this marker); Mortars vs. Guns (within shouting distance of this marker); Direct Hit (within shouting distance of this marker); Civil War Guardhouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Star-Spangled Banner (within shouting distance of this marker); Powder Magazine (within shouting distance of this marker); Commanding Officer’s Quarters (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Baltimore.
 
Also see . . .
1. Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine. National Park Service (Submitted on August 19, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A..) 

2. Battle of Baltimore. HistoryCentral.com (Submitted on August 19, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A..) 
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar of 1812
 
Cistern and Well Marker Near the Enlisted Men's Barracks image. Click for full size.
By Paul Jordan, August 4, 2010
3. Cistern and Well Marker Near the Enlisted Men's Barracks
Marker and Location of Cistern image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 16, 2010
4. Marker and Location of Cistern
The cistern and well have been covered with reconstructions at the fort. However the location was confirmed with archeological excavations.
Location of Well and Cistern<br>Your Are Here image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, October 13, 2012
5. Location of Well and Cistern
Your Are Here
Close-up of map on marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. This page has been viewed 828 times since then and 2 times this year. Last updated on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A..   4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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