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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Farson in Sweetwater County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
 

Emigrant/Indian Relations

 
 
Emigrant/Indian Relations Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, May 28, 2013
1. Emigrant/Indian Relations Marker
Inscription. Relations between emigrants using the trails and the Indians were inconsistent during the migration period. While hostile acts and violent confrontation did occur, they have been overemphasized in trail history. During the early migration period of the 1840s, there is documentation of the Indians helping emigrants with treacherous river crossings, giving directions, conducting peaceful trading, and providing food. It appeared that the native populations did not view the small numbers of emigrants as a threat, even though they were trespassing on tribal lands. Chief Washakie and his Shoshones were well-known for their kindness and (illegible).

The California Gold Rush period, with its large increase in emigrant numbers, seems to mark the beginning of ill feelings and openly hostile acts. The large emigrant numbers disturbed the game herds upon which the Indians heavily depended. The emigrants' cut all the available wood and their livestock overgrazed the trail corridor. Confrontations increased and the paying of a tribute to cross tribal lands became a common practice.

Indians suffered heavier losses than did the emigrants. In the 20-year period from 1840 to 1860, only 362 emigrants were killed by Indians. Large groups of emigrants were seldom attacked, and most deaths resulted when individuals were out hunting
Emigrant/Indian Relations Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, May 28, 2013
2. Emigrant/Indian Relations Marker
Marker is the far left marker
or exploring. An emigrant was much more likely to die from disease, be run over by a wagon, trampled in a stampede, accidentally shot, or drowned while crossing a river.
 
Erected by Bureau of Land Management.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the California Trail, the Mormon Pioneer Trail, and the Oregon Trail marker series.
 
Location. 41° 59.91′ N, 109° 37.354′ W. Marker is near Farson, Wyoming, in Sweetwater County. Marker can be reached from State Highway 28 11.5 miles west of U.S. 191, on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Farson WY 82932, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Pilot Butte & "Graves" of the Unknown Emigrants (a few steps from this marker); First Transcontinental Telegraph (a few steps from this marker); Continuing the Journey West (within shouting distance of this marker); Pilot Butte (within shouting distance of this marker); Burial on the Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); "Graves" of the Unknown Emigrants (within shouting distance of this marker); Death on the Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Simpson's Hollow (approx. 2.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Farson.
 
More about this marker. Marker is one of eight interpretive signs at the Pilot Butte Emigrant Trails Interpretive Site. Sign donated by the Wyoming Centennial Commission.
 
Categories. Native AmericansRoads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 297 times since then and 26 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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