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Near Fonda in Montgomery County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Caughnawaga
 
Caughnawaga Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 5, 2013
1. Caughnawaga Marker
 
Inscription.
Lower Mohawk Indian
Castle 1667 Ruled By
Turtle Clan. Jesuit
Mission of St. Peter's
Destroyed in Raid of 1693

 
Erected 1932 by New York State Department of Education.
 
Location. 42° 57.232′ N, 74° 23.594′ W. Marker is near Fonda, New York, in Montgomery County. Marker is on Hickory Hill Road, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fonda NY 12068, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Liberty Pole (approx. mile away); Mohawk Area (approx. 0.7 miles away); Johnson Hall - 1763 (approx. 0.7 miles away); Site of The Battle of Oriskany (approx. 0.8 miles away); Herkimer Home - 1764 (approx. 0.8 miles away); Caughnawaga 1667 - 1780 (approx. 0.9 miles away); Tryon County 1772-1784 Montgomery County 1784 (approx. 0.9 miles away); Fonda (approx. 0.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Fonda.
 
Regarding Caughnawaga.
An interpretive sign on the site states the following:

1666 - 1693
Caughnawaga Castel Site
Declared a National Historical Place, August of 1973

Archeological investigations of this
 
Caughnawaga Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 5, 2013
2. Caughnawaga Marker
 
site were started in 1943. This consisted of surface searching only.
In Spring of 1945 the field was plowed. During June of 1945 a test trench was opened within one of the many evident darkened areas on the surface. A number of post molds were discovered in the soil, but none to indicate a stockade line.
The Van Epps-Hartley Chapter of the N.Y.S. Archeological Association dug a trench 60 feet long and 5 feet wide in 1948. The stockade lines, however, were not located.
Beginning in 1950 the native American Village (Castle) of Caughnawaga was thoroughly excavated by Fr. Thomas Grassmann, a Conventual Franciscan Friar, with the help of the N.Y.S. Archeological Association. It was completed in 1956.
The turtle Clan of the Mohawk lived in this "castle" of Caughnawaga. A castle refers back to a European term meaning "fortified". This castle was surrounded by a wooden stockade, 15 to 18 feet high, protecting from intruders. Caughnawaga means "on the rapids" or "on the water," referring to the Mohawk River. This castle is the only completely excavated Iroquois Village in the world.
It was here in this castle that Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha lived a good part of her earthly life and during this time she was baptized and dedicated her life to the Lord.
White Concrete Pillars-these are surveyor markers.
Small-White-metal-Posts or Markers-these posts
 
Caughnawaga Interpretive Sign Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 5, 2013
3. Caughnawaga Interpretive Sign
1666 - 1693
Caughnawaga Castel Site
Declared a National Historical Place, August of 1973
 
form an archeological grid over the whole site are for record keeping. What has been found within each square of the grid has been accurately kept.

Small Grey Posts-these go into the tops of the post molds which formed the stockade. You will note that the castle was doubly stockaded. 3,041 posts were used. The main gate was in the wall, there were nop openings in the north and east walls.

Small Reddish Posts-these posts mark the post molds of the outer walls of the longhouses. There were 12 longhouses, the longhouses were covered with elm bark.

Small Yellow Posts- these posts mark the posts which supported the benches or beds which ran along the interior walls of each longhouse.


National Kateri Tekakwitha Shrine, Route 5 Fonda, NY

 
Also see . . .  National Saint Kateri Tekakwitha Shrine. (Submitted on July 27, 2013, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
 
Caughnawaga Site Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 5, 2013
4. Caughnawaga Site
In the open field beyond the collection of memorials is the Caughnawaga archeological site. The small reddish posts in this view mark the location of the outer walls of the longhouses.
 
 
Shrine & Memorials at the Caughnawaga Site Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 5, 2013
5. Shrine & Memorials at the Caughnawaga Site
 
 
Caughnawaga Memorial Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 5, 2013
6. Caughnawaga Memorial
 
 
Caughnawaga Plaque Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 5, 2013
7. Caughnawaga Plaque

Within This Area Stood
Caughnawaga
The Mohawk Indian Village
And
St. Peter Chapel
In Which
Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha
"The Lily of the Mohawks"
Was Baptized
Easter Sunday April 18, 1676
______________
The Memorial Was Erected By The
Conventual Franciscans And Dedicated By
Bishop Edmund F. Gibbons On Sept. 11, 1938
______________
This Plaque Was Presented In Memory Of
Beatrice S. Applegate
By The Applegate Family Of Ilion, N.Y.
 
 
Memorial to the Rev. Manus Mc Gettigan Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 5, 2013
8. Memorial to the Rev. Manus Mc Gettigan
 
 
Memorial to the Mohawks Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 5, 2013
9. Memorial to the Mohawks
 
 
Memorial to the Rev. Luke Ziegler, M.A. Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 5, 2013
10. Memorial to the Rev. Luke Ziegler, M.A.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on July 27, 2013, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. This page has been viewed 181 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on July 27, 2013, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
 
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