Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Buchanan in Botetourt County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Mount Joy

Industrial Connections

 

óHunter's Raid ó

 
Mount Joy Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 1, 2013
1. Mount Joy Marker
Inscription. On May 26, 1864, Union Gen, David Hunter marched south from Cedar Creek near Winchester to drive out Confederate forces, lay waste to the Shenandoah Valley, and destroy transportation facilities at Lynchburg. His raid was part of Gen. Ulysses S. Grantís strategy to attack Confederates simultaneously throughout Virginia. After defeating Gen. William E. “Grumble” Jones at Piedmont on June 5, Hunter marched to Lexington, burned Virginia Military Institute, and headed to Lynchburg. There, on June 17-18, Gen. Jubal A. Early repulsed Hunter and pursued him to West Virginia. Early then turned north in July to threaten Washington.

One of Gen. David Hunterís objectives was to destroy iron furnaces near Buchanan, Eagle Rock, Fincastle, and Cloverdale. These sites produced pig iron and iron bars that were transported down the James River and Kanawha Canal to Richmond and Joseph R. Andersonís Tredegar Iron Works, which transformed the raw materials into cannons and munitions.

Because Andersonís brother, Confederate congressman Col. John T. Anderson, owned Mount Joy, Hunter ordered it destroyed on June 15, but an officer burned only the barn and outbuildings. Looking back from the foot of the mountain, Hunter realized that the house had been spared and dispatched a troop of cavalrymen to carry out his orders. The
Mount Joy Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 1, 2013
2. Mount Joy Marker
Close up of map shown on the marker
Andersons were allowed one hour to remove their belongings before the mansion was burned. They may have hidden livestock behind the house on Staple Hill. In 1906, the present house here was built on part of the foundation.

Ellen Glasgow, Pulitzer Prize-winning Virginia novelist, later featured Mount Joy in The Battle Ground. During the war, her mother, sent to Buchanan for safety, stayed with the Andersons during Hunterís raid. She observed the seemingly endless blue line of cavalry, infantry, artillery, and wagons passing by here.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Location. 37° 30.772′ N, 79° 42.565′ W. Marker is in Buchanan, Virginia, in Botetourt County. Marker is on US 11 just west of Mt. Joy Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Buchanan VA 24066, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Looney's Ferry (approx. ĺ mile away); The Anchorage (approx. 1.6 miles away); Buchanan (approx. 1.8 miles away); The Botetourt Artillery (approx. 1.8 miles away); Wilson Warehouse (approx. 1.8 miles away); Buchanan Bridge
Mount Joy Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 1, 2013
3. Mount Joy Marker
The marker with the house in the background
(approx. 2 miles away); Buchanan & The James River & Kanawha Canal (approx. 2 miles away); Peaks of Otter (approx. 2.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Buchanan.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Mount Joy Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 1, 2013
4. Mount Joy Marker
Note the log marker which states-Mount Joy cir 1804
Mount Joy Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 1, 2013
5. Mount Joy Marker
Close up photo of the house
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 418 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement