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Lucerne in Lucerne (District), Switzerland
 

The Lion Monument

Der Lφwendenkmal

 

—Le Monument du Lion —

 
The Lion Monument Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 27, 2013
1. The Lion Monument Marker
Inscription. The Lion Monument is dedicated to the memory of the Swiss mercenaries who, in the service of Louis XVI, King of France, were killed during the French Revolution in Paris when the Tuileries were invaded on August 10, 1792, or who were guillotined on September 2nd/3rd, 1792.

The inscription “Helvetiorum fidei ac virtute” mean “To the loyalty and bravery of the Swiss”.

It is important to know that, in addition to agriculture and town-crafts, the mercenaries’ service was an important and gainful trade at the time of the Ancient Confederation. At the beginning of the French Revolution, in 1789, about 40, 000 Swiss were serving under foreign banners.

Bertel Thorvaldsen ( 1770-1844, the classicist Danish sculptor, designed the Lion Monument when he was in Rome, in 1819. Lucas Ahorn, stone-mason of Constance (1789-1856), carved it out of the sandstone rock in 1820/1821. The sculpture is six meters long.

The Lion Monument was projected because of Captain Carl Pfysffer von Altishofen. He was in Lucerne during the invasion of the Tuileries and he wished to have a memorial for his dead comrades.

The Lion Monument was inaugurated on August 10, 1821, and the Town of Lucerne bought it in 1882.
 
Location. 47° 3.481′ 
The Lion Monument Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 27, 2013
2. The Lion Monument Marker
Lion Monument markers in French and German are to the left.
N, 8° 18.63′ E. Marker is in Lucerne, Lucerne, in Lucerne (District). Marker is on Denkmalstrasse, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Denkmalstrasse 10, Lucerne 6006, Switzerland.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Spiegellabyrinth «Alhambra» (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Inner "Weggis" Gate (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Teiling Alley (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); "Star Square" (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); The von Silenen Home (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Johann Baptist Marzohl (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); "At the White Cross" Inn (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Balthasar House (approx. 0.7 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in Lucerne.
 
Regarding The Lion Monument. Of the 950 Swiss Guards at the Tuileries about 600 were killed in the fighting, or when attempting to surrender, by the attackers who were infuriated at their action in firing on the crowd. About 60 were escorted as prisoners to the Hτtel de Ville but were massacred there. Others died in prison of their wounds or were killed during the September Massacres that followed. In all only about 100 Swiss are believed to have survived. The gentlemen at arms, who numbered only about 200, were inconspicuous in civilian clothing and were mostly able
The Lion Monument image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 27, 2013
3. The Lion Monument
to escape in the confusion.
- 10 August (French Revolution)-- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/10_August_%28French_Revolution%29
 
Also see . . .
1. Lion Monument. The Lion Monument, or the Lion of Lucerne, is a sculpture in Lucerne, Switzerland, designed by Bertel Thorvaldsen and hewn in 1820–21 by Lukas Ahorn. It commemorates the Swiss Guards who were massacred in 1792 during the French Revolution, when revolutionaries stormed the Tuileries Palace in Paris. (Submitted on August 5, 2013, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 

2. Lφwendenkmal. Luzern Tourismus presents a 3-page German-language history of the monument. (Submitted on September 24, 2013.) 
 
Categories. Arts, Letters, Music
 
The Lion Monument image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 27, 2013
4. The Lion Monument
Helvetiorum Fideli Ac Virtuti

Die X Augusti. II et III Septembris MDCCXCII
Haec sunt nomina eorum qui ne sacramenti fidem fallerent fortissime pugnantes ceciderunt. Solerti amicorum cura cladi superfuerent.

Duces XXV.
Maillardoz • Bachmann • Reding • Erlach • Salis-Zizers • H. Diesbach • Gottrau • L. Zimmermann • Wild • Castelberg • Gros • P. Glutz • S. Maillardoz • Ernest • Forestier • Diesbach-Steinbrugg • Waltner • I. Mallardoz • Muller • Montmollin • Castella-Orgemont • Caprez • Allemann • Chollet • Boeching • Richter
Milites Circiter DCCLX

Duces XVI
H. Salis-Zizers • Durler • Pfyffer-Altishofen • E. Zimmermann • Repond • I. Zimmerman • Duluze • A. Zimmermann • Glutz • Gilbelin • I. Maillardoz • Ville • Constant-Rebecque • LaCorbiere • Forestier • Lorentan
Militers Circiter CCCL

Huius rei gestae cives aere collato perrenne monumentum posuere
Studio C. Pfyffer Arte A. Thorvaldsen Opera L. Ahorn

Photochrome Postcard of the Lion Monument (ca . 1890-1900) image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein
5. Photochrome Postcard of the Lion Monument (ca . 1890-1900)
(Image courtesy of the US Library of Congress)

Latin-English translation, and excludes the names as they are included in the preceding caption. To the loyalty and bravery of the Swiss
On August 10. 2 and 3 September 1792
These are the names of those who fell fighting most valiantly not to be entertained of the faith of the sacrament. Expert care of friends superfuerent tragedy. 25 Leaders (names)...
Roughly 760 soldiers (names)...
16 Leaders (names)...
Roughly 350 soldiers
The Lion Monument image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 27, 2013
6. The Lion Monument
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 516 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.   5. submitted on .   6. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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