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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Elko in Elko County, Nevada — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

The Humboldt River Highway

 
 
The Humboldt River Highway Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, July 5, 2013
1. The Humboldt River Highway Marker
Inscription. The California Emigrant Trail extended approximately 2,000 miles from the Missouri River to California. Today you are standing on a segment of the trail that followed the Humboldt River for about 280 miles across northern Nevada. It was the only water course across the high desert of the Great Basin.

The Humboldt River begins at Humboldt Wells, springs near present-day Wells, Nevada, and flows west and southwest to the Humboldt Sink. It generally took 16 days for emigrants to make the journey along the river. Most travelers crossed Nevada in the heat of August, when the trail was very dusty, the river was nearly dry, and the water alkaline.

From 1849 to 1853, at the height of the California Gold Rush, approximately 200,000 emigrants passed by this location, with 50,000 more making the trek before the Transcontinental Railroad was completed in 1869.

When they reached this point, the emigrants had been on the trail for three months, had traveled about 1,600 miles, and were 400 miles from their destination. Still ahead of them lay the crossing of the dreaded and waterless Forty-Mile Desert and the climb over the Sierra Nevada Range.

(Drawing Caption)
"Aug. 25. We hunted down the River 3 miles more and found but a very scanty picking for the oxen. Everybody hungry and out of humor as
California Trail Markers image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, July 5, 2013
2. California Trail Markers
At entrance to the California Emigrant Trail Interpretive Center
usual. From what I can hear and I speak to almost every company I see, I don't think there is ever a body of men left the states, on any expedition, that had so much quarrelling and fighting, (the strong abusing the weak) as the California expedition of 1849."
James F. Wilkins, 1849
 
Erected by Bureau of Land Management.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the California Trail marker series.
 
Location. 40° 46.024′ N, 115° 55.356′ W. Marker is near Elko, Nevada, in Elko County. Marker can be reached from Interstate 80 at milepost 292, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. To visit the marker, exit I-80 at Exit 292 (Hunter) and follow the directional signs to the California Emigrant Trail Interpretive Center; the marker is at the gated entrance to the Center. Marker is in this post office area: Elko NV 89801, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. About Your Journey ... (here, next to this marker); The California Emigrant Trail Interpretive Center (here, next to this marker); The End of the Hastings Cutoff (here, next to this marker); Marking Time (a few steps from this marker); California Trail - Greenhorn Cutoff (a few steps from this marker); West End of Hastings Cutoff (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hoppe-Lienhard Wagon Group (approx. 0.2 miles away); Elko Airport (approx. 8.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Elko.
 
Also see . . .  California Trail Interpretive Center Website. (Submitted on August 10, 2013, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.)
 
Categories. Roads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 232 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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