Sharpsburg in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Invasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through the Shenandoah Valley and western Maryland as his cavalry, led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, harassed Union supply lines to the east. Union Gen. Joseph Hooker, replaced on June 28 by Gen. George G. Meade, led the Army of the Potomac from the Washington defenses in pursuit. The Federals collided with Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on July 1, starting a battle neither side had intended to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates began retreating through Maryland, retracing their steps to the Potomac River and crossing into Virginia on July 14.
To follow in their footsteps and to discover their stories, stop by any Welcome Center or local Visitor Center to pick up a Gettysburg: Invasion & Retreat Civil War Trail map-guide. Please drive carefully as you enjoy the history and beauty of Maryland Civil War Trails.
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Location. 39° 27.875′ N, 77° 43.644′ W. Marker is in Sharpsburg, Maryland Click for map. Marker is located on the Antietam Battlefield, in front of the Newcomer House. Marker is in this post office area: Sharpsburg MD 21782, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Early's Washington Raid (here, next to this marker); 1862 Antietam Campaign (here, next to this marker); The Newcomer House (a few steps from this marker); Heart of the Civil War (a few steps from this marker); 4th and 12th U.S. Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Third Indiana Cavalry (within shouting distance of this marker); Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA (within shouting distance of this marker); Middle Bridge (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Click for a list of all markers in Sharpsburg.
More about this marker. The background of the marker contains a map showing the locations of Civil War Trails markers pertaining to the Gettysburg Invasion & Retreat Campaign. Also present on the marker are portraits of the commanders of the opposing armies during the Battle of Antietam: Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee and Union Gen. George G. Meade. A picture at the lower right of the marker depicts a “U.S. Signal Corps officer observing Confederate retreat near Williamsport, July 12, 1863.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 292 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.