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Chicago in Cook County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Battle of Fort Dearborn

August 15 ,1812

 
 
Battle of Fort Dearborn Marker image. Click for full size.
By Roger Clegg, December 9, 2010
1. Battle of Fort Dearborn Marker
Inscription. From roughly 1620 to 1820 the territory of the Potawatomi extended from what is now Green Bay Wisconsin, to Detroit Michigan, and included the Chicago area. In 1803 the United States Government built Fort Dearborn at what today is Michigan Avenue and Wacker Drive.As part of a strategic effort to protect lucrative trading in the area from the British. During the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain, some Indian tribes allied with the British to stop the westward expansion of the United States and to regain lost Indian lands. On August 15 1812 more than 50 U.S.soldiers and 41 civilians, including 9 women and 18 children were ordered to evacuate Fort Dearborn. This group almost the entire population on U.S citizens in the Chicago area, marched south from Fort Dearborn along the shoreline of Lake Michigan until they reached this approximate site, where they were attacked by about 500 Potawatomi. In the battle and aftermath, more than 60 of the evacuees and 15 native Americans were killed. The dead included army Captain William Wells,who had come from Fort Wayne with Miami Indians to assist in the evacuation, and Naunongee, chief of the village of Potawatomi, Ojibwe, and Ottawa Indians known as Three Fires Confederacy in the 1830's. The Potawatomi of Illinois were forcibly removed to lands west of the Mississippi. Potawatomi
Battle of Fort Dearborn Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 5, 2012
2. Battle of Fort Dearborn Marker
Indian Nations continue to thrive in Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Canada, and more than 36,000 American Indians from a variety of tribes reside in Chicago today.
 
Erected 2009 by Alderman Robert Fioretti, U.S Daughters of 1812, Prairie District Neighborhood Alliance, Glessner House Museum ,American Indian Center, Dr. John N. Low on behalf of himself and his tribal community (Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians). InIllinois State Historical Society Aliance,.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Illinois State Historical Society, and the United States Daughters of 1812 marker series.
 
Location. 41° 51.466′ N, 87° 37.158′ W. Marker is in Chicago, Illinois, in Cook County. Marker is at the intersection of Calumet Ave and 18th Street, on the right on Calumet Ave. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chicago IL 60616, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. George Pullman (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); John J. Glessner House (about 400 feet away); Visionary (about 700 feet away); Henry B. Clarke House (about 800 feet away); Wheeler–Kohn House
Battle of Fort Dearborn Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 5, 2012
3. Battle of Fort Dearborn Marker
(approx. 0.2 miles away); Second Presbyterian Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); American Book Company Building (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Platt Luggage Building (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Chicago.
 
More about this marker. Located in a small park on the east side of the street where Calumet meets 18th street
 
Also see . . .  The True Story of the Deadly Encounter at Fort Dearborn - Chicago Magazine. (Submitted on December 22, 2011, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.)
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesNative AmericansSettlements & SettlersWar of 1812
 
Illinois Historical Society image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 5, 2012
4. Illinois Historical Society
Defense image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 4, 2012
5. Defense
Henry Herring's 1928 Sculpture “Defense” on the south western bridge tender's house on Michigan Avenue (DuSable) Bridge heroically depicts the Battle of Fort Dearborn.
Battle of Fort Dearborn Park Sign image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 5, 2012
6. Battle of Fort Dearborn Park Sign
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Roger Clegg of Cicero, Illinois. This page has been viewed 1,175 times since then and 34 times this year. Last updated on , by John Low of Newark, Ohio. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Roger Clegg of Cicero, Illinois.   2, 3. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   4, 5. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   6. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Al Wolf was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on November 29, 2016.
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