“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
New Hampton in Hunterdon County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

General Daniel Morgan

Hero of the Battles of Saratoga and Cowpens

General Daniel Morgan Marker image. Click for full size.
By Alan Edelson, September 26, 2013
1. General Daniel Morgan Marker
Inscription. Daniel Morgan was born in New Hampton, Hunterdon County in 1736. Like other residents on the New Jersey frontier, Morgan's father worked for the Union Iron Furnace. Uneducated, Morgan left home in 1751 and worked as a wagoner in Pittstown, NJ. He migrated to Virginia at 17 and became a wagoner for the British Army in the French and Indian War in 1756. Flogged for striking a British officer, he lost all love for the British Army. When the Revolutionary War started in 1775, Morgan accepted a captain's commission of a Virginia rifle company in the Continental Army. Called "Morgan's Rifle Corps", these sharpshooters could hit targets out to 200 yards. In 1777 Morgan was promoted to colonel of the Virginia regiment of riflemen. Morgan contributed greatly in two of the most important American Revolutionary War victories: Saratoga, NY in 1777, which led to the French becoming an American Ally, and Cowpens, SC in 1781, which led to the British retreat to Yorktown, VA and their final surrender. Morgan's regiment moved in advance of the infantry at the First Battle of Saratoga (Freeman's Farm). Making initial contact with the largest body of British infantry, Morgan fell back to the support of the Continental infantry. His riflemen fired from the trees keeping the British at long range while the infantry reloaded, and the infantry fired at short range while the riflemen reloaded, an effective and successful tactic to defeat the British. In
The Battle of Saratoga - additional detail image. Click for full size.
By Alan Edelson, September 26, 2013
2. The Battle of Saratoga - additional detail
(LEFT) On 19 September, 1777, The First Battle of Saratoga, British General Burgoyne launched a three-pronged attack on the American General Gates' left flank trying to get around Gates for the capture of Albany. General Arnold, Gates' Left Wing Commander, moved from behind the fortifications on Bemis Heights to stop the British in the woods and fields near Freeman's Farm where militia and Morgan;s Rifle Corps had the advantage. (Below) On 7 October, The Second Battle of Saratoga, General Burgoyne tried to secure the high ground above and northwest of Bemis Heights. This attack was repulsed by General Arnold and the important actions of Morgan's Rifle Corps who killed British General Fraser.
the second Battle of Saratoga (Bemis Heights), Morgan's riflemen again supported the infantry. General Benedict Arnold, taking command from General Learned, ordered Morgan to kill British General Fraser. One of Morgan's riflemen climbed a tree and shot Fraser off his horse, killing him. These major contributions to the American victory at Saratoga yielded Morgan great praise. But having been passed over for promotion to brigadier general, Morgan resigned from the Continental Army in 1779. Recalled to the Continental Army in 1780 with the rank of brigadier general, Morgan with his riflemen, militia, and regular Continental Army troops confronted British Lt. Colonel Tarleton at Cowpens. Placing his militia and riflemen in front of the regulars, Morgan ordered his riflemen and militia after each firing two volleys to fall back behind a knoll, and the regular infantry to fall back to the top of the knoll. Tarleton's troops, feeling that the Americans were routed, charged forward only to be enveloped by the militia and Colonel William Washington's reserves. Tarleton was thoroughly defeated in what was considered the tactical masterpiece of the Revolutionary War.
Erected 2013.
Location. 40° 43.247′ N, 74° 57.714′ W. Marker is in New Hampton, New Jersey, in Hunterdon County. Marker is on Musconetcong River Road just west of New Hampton Road, on the right
The Battle of Cowpens - additional detail image. Click for full size.
By Alan Edelson, September 26, 2013
3. The Battle of Cowpens - additional detail
(LEFT) On 17 January, 1781, in Phase One of the Battle of Cowpens, General Morgan chose a knoll to face the attack of British Lieutenant Colonel Tarleton. Placing the riflemen and militia in front of the knoll, Morgan ordered an early retreat of these units with a feigned retreat of the units on the knoll. Knowing the British contempt for the militia, this feigned retreat caused a headlong attack by Tarleton. (RIGHT) In Phase Two of the Battle, the American militia regrouped behind the knoll and circled around Tarleton's left flank. American Colonel William Washington's reserves attacked Tarleton's right flank to envelope and defeat the British.
when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton NJ 08827, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Major General Daniel Morgan (here, next to this marker); New Hampton (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Dusenbery Mansion House (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Lenape Village of Pelouesse (approx. ĺ mile away); Hampton (approx. 0.9 miles away); Veterans Park (approx. one mile away); St. Annís Catholic Church (approx. one mile away); Hampton (Incorp. Since 1895) (approx. 1.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in New Hampton.
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
Dedication Ceremony image. Click for full size.
By Alan Edelson, September 26, 2013
4. Dedication Ceremony
Unveiling image. Click for full size.
By Alan Edelson, September 26, 2013
5. Unveiling
Morgan Riflemen Re-enactors image. Click for full size.
By Alan Edelson, September 26, 2013
6. Morgan Riflemen Re-enactors
Morgan Riflemen Re-enactors image. Click for full size.
By Alan Edelson, September 26, 2013
7. Morgan Riflemen Re-enactors
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Alan Edelson of Union Twsp., New Jersey. This page has been viewed 621 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Alan Edelson of Union Twsp., New Jersey. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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