Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Newark in Licking County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Great Circle Earthworks

 
 
Great Circle Earthworks Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, October 21, 2006
1. Great Circle Earthworks Marker
Inscription. The Great Circle Earthworks, one remnant of the largest complex of geometric earthen enclosures ever built. The Newark Earthworks, situated on a high terrace between the South Fork of the Licking River and Raccoon Creek, once covered more than four square miles. At present, only the Great Circle, the octagon and circle combination, and a small portion of the square are preserved on public land.

The Newark Earthworks were built about 2000 years ago by the people we now call the Hopewell. Giant geometric enclosures such as the Great Circle were centers for social, religious, and possibly economic interaction.

Located in the center of the Great Circle is a series of small conjoined mounds, collectively referred to as Eagle Mound, which covers the remains of a large Hopewell house. It was not a dwelling, but rather an important social or religious gathering place.

Excavations through the wall of the Great Circle indicate that it was built in three stages and that different colored soils were used in each stage. Originally,
Close Up of 1847 Map Reproduced on the Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats
2. Close Up of 1847 Map Reproduced on the Marker
there was also a low outer wall which surrounded the Great Circle. Two segments of this outer wall are preserved at the eastern end of the park where they converged into parallel walls leading to the square.
 
Location. 40° 2.442′ N, 82° 25.721′ W. Marker is in Newark, Ohio, in Licking County. Marker can be reached from Hebron Road (U.S. 79) north of Parkview Drive and Hopewell Drive. Click for map. It is at the parking lot of the Moundbuilders State Memorial. Marker is in this post office area: Heath OH 43056, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Newark Earthworks (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Wright Earthworks (approx. 0.6 miles away); Octagon Earthworks (approx. 1.2 miles away); The Observatory Mound (approx. 1.3 miles away); Veteran's Park (approx. 1.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Newark.
 
Also see . . .
1. Newark Earthworks Website.
Mound Lines are Clearly Visible image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, October 21, 2006
3. Mound Lines are Clearly Visible
(Submitted on November 14, 2006.)
2. Great Circle Earthworks - Ohio History Central. (Submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.)
 
Categories. LandmarksMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,663 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.   2. submitted on .   3. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement