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San Marcos in Hays County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Col. Ignacio Elizondo’s 1813 Campaign
Col. Ignacio Elizondo’s 1813 Campaign Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Richard Denney, October 5, 2013
1. Col. Ignacio Elizondo’s 1813 Campaign Marker
Inscription. In 1813 royalist Lieutenant Colonel Ignacio Elizondo led 500 cavalrymen in pursuit of retreating Mexican and Anglo-American insurrectionists along this road.

A hacienda owner in Coahuila, Elizondo initially joined Father Miguel Hidalgo’s rebellion against Spanish authority, but soon switched to the royalists. In 1811 he helped lead Hidalgo and other republicans into an ambush near Monclova.

In June 1813 Elizondo brought 300 additional royalist soldiers into Texas to oppose the republicans of the Gutierrez-Magee Expedition. Hoisting their green flag of rebellion, a combined force of Mexican patriots and U.S. adventurers had routed royalist units and declared Texas an independent republic.

On June 20, 1813, Elizondo prepared to attack the insurgents on the western edge of San Antonio de Bexar. They surprised him instead at the battle of Alazan and drove him back to the Rio Grande. Returning later that summer as one of royalist General Joaquin de Arredondo’s line officers, Elizondo fought at the battle of Medina where, on August 18, 1813, royalists won the largest battle in North America prior to the Civil War.

Occupying Bexar, Arredondo dispatched Elizondo to chase the survivors to the Louisiana border. He captured more than 100 and executed 71. During the return march, an insane royalist officer
Col. Ignacio Elizondo’s 1813 Campaign Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Richard Denney, October 5, 2013
2. Col. Ignacio Elizondo’s 1813 Campaign Marker
fatally wounded Elizondo as he relaxed in his tent. He lingered for days, but died near the San Marcos River crossing of the El Camino Real. He was buried somewhere nearby.
Marker series. This marker is included in the El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail marker series.
Location. 29° 51.538′ N, 97° 53.936′ W. Marker is in San Marcos, Texas, in Hays County. Marker is on Old Bastrop Road 0.8 miles south of San Marcos Highway (Texas Route 80), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: San Marcos TX 78666, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Charles Lewis McGehee Cabin (approx. ¼ mile away); Site of the First Town of San Marcos (approx. ¼ mile away); Don Felipe Roque de la Portilla (approx. ¼ mile away); McGehee Crossing (approx. 0.8 miles away); Gen. Antonio Gaona’s 1836 Campaign (approx. 1.1 miles away); El Camino De Nacogdoches (approx. 2.2 miles away); San Marcos Springs (approx. 3 miles away); Post San Marcos (approx. 3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in San Marcos.
Also see . . .  ENV’s Old San Antonio Road report leads to Hays County historical markers (pdf file). Article describing this and other marker dedication. See page 8. (Submitted on October 7, 2013, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.) 
Credits. This page originally submitted on October 7, 2013, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. This page has been viewed 132 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 7, 2013, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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