“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Murfreesboro in Rutherford County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

They Passed This Way

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail-National Trails System


—Stones River National Battlefield —

They Passed This Way Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 25, 2013
1. They Passed This Way Marker
Inscription. After the passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the United States government forced tens of thousands of American Indians to leave their ancestral lands in the southeast for new homes in Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma). They traveled over established land and water routes, many of which led through Tennessee. Rather than risk disease and other hazards of summer travel, many groups left in the fall and faced, instead, treacherous winter weather. Thousands died during the ordeal---remembered today as the Trail of Tears.

Despite the hardships of the journey, the people of the five tribes of the Southeast established new lives in the West. They stand now as successful sovereign nations, proudly preserving cultural traditions while adapting to the challenges of the 21st century.

(Side bar 1) The poor sick Cherokees cannot stop, when sick & be refreshed by kind friends…but must be exposed and die. Rev. Daniel S. Butrick in Murfreesboro (1838)

(Side bar 2) In the 1830s, the federal government forcibly removed approximately 16,000 Cherokee, 21,000 Muscogee (Creek), 9,000 Choctaw, 6,000 Chickasaw, and 4,000 Seminole from the southeastern United States.

Federal Indian removal policy aroused fierce and bitter debate. Supporters of the policy claimed it was a benevolent action
They Passed This Way Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 25, 2013
2. They Passed This Way Marker
to save the tribes east of the Mississippi River from being overwhelmed and lost in the onslaught of an expanding American population. Opponents decried its inhumanity and the tragic consequences it would have for the Indian peoples. One thing was certain; removal freed millions of acres of Indian lands for use by American settlers.

In 1987, to commemorate this tragic chapter in American history, the United States Congress designated the primary land and water routes of the Cherokee removal as the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail.

Today, the National Park Service partners with the southeastern tribes; the Trail of Tears Association and other non-government organizations; federal, state, and local agencies; and private landowners to foster the appreciation and preservation of historic sites and segments and to tell the story of forced removal of the Cherokee people and other American Indian tribes.

You can visit certified sites, segments, and interpretive facilities along the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail by following the Auto Tour Route. Look for the official trail logo along the way. For further information, see: (See below link - - "National Park Service")
Erected by National Park Service.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Trail of Tears marker series.
Location. 35° 51.533′ N, 86° 24.534′ W. Marker is in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in Rutherford County. Marker is on West College Street east of Brinkley Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. This marker is on the grounds of the Stones River National Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Murfreesboro TN 37129, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Redoubt Brannan (within shouting distance of this marker); Bum Proof Stockade (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle at Stones River (within shouting distance of this marker); Waging War by Rail (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Battle at Stones River (approx. 0.2 miles away); "Charles Egbert Craddock" (approx. 0.4 miles away); A Vast Depot (approx. 0.4 miles away); Lunette Palmer (approx. half a mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Murfreesboro.
Also see . . .  National Park Service::. (Submitted on October 8, 2013.)
Categories. Native Americans
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 317 times since then and 60 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Al Wolf was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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