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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Prestonsburg in Floyd County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
 

Eastern Kentucky's Civil War Battles and Skirmishes, 1861-1862

 
 
Eastern Kentucky's Civil War Battles and Skirmishes, 1861-1862 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, May 29, 2013
1. Eastern Kentucky's Civil War Battles and Skirmishes, 1861-1862 Marker
Inscription.

Skirmish at West Liberty, October 23 1861 - Col. L.A. Harris' 2nd Ohio Infantry regiment and a company of Union cavalry, part of Gen. William "Bull" Nelson's command, skirmish with Capt. Jack May's much smaller Morgan Guards, driving them out of Morgan County and back to Prestonsburg.

Battle of Ivy Mountain, November 8, 1861 - Led by May, three companies of the newly formed 5th Kentucky Infantry, C.S.A., fight a delaying action against four Union regiments led by Nelson, slowing their progress so that the main body of the 5th, under Col. John S. Williams, can evacuate Pikeville and fall back to Pound Gap. Union losses are eight killed and twenty-four wounded. Confederate losses are ten killed and fifteen wounded.

Skirmish at Tom's Creek, January 4, 1862 - Nine hundred Union infantry under Garfield, having marched up the Big Sandy form Catlettsburg, skirmish with one hundred Confederate cavalry sent on a scouting expedition by Marshall, whose command occupies a fortified position at Hager's Farm near present-day Hager Hill, Kentucky.

Skirmish at Jenny's Creek, January 7, 1862 - Three hundred Union cavalry (the 2nd Virginia Cavalry under Colonel Bolles) attack two hundred Confederate cavalry which Marshall has posted at Jenny's Creek, several miles west of Paintsville,
Middle Creek Battlefield Interpretive Signs image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, May 29, 2013
2. Middle Creek Battlefield Interpretive Signs
and rive them off. Six Confederates are killed and several wounded. Union casualties are two killed and one wounded.

Battle of Middle Creek, January 10, 1862 - Eighteen hundred Union troops under Garfield fight a day-long battle with 1,950 Confederates under Marshall. Garfield mounts several assaults and finally succeeds in driving one Confederate regiment from its entrenched position. When night falls, the Confederates retreat, burning some of their supplies and leaving their dead on the battlefield. Union casualties are three killed and eleven wounded. Confederate casualties are ten killed and fourteen wounded.

Battle of Pound Gap, March 14, 1862 - Six hundred Federal infantry and one hundred cavalry led by Garfield attack the Confederate garrison at Pound Gap, consisting of five companies of Virginia State Militia under Major J.B. Thompson. After a twenty-minute fight, the rebels are routed and flee their fort, consisting of sixty log huts, commissary, hospital, and officers quarters. There are no Union casualties. Confederate casualties are seven killed and wounded.

Menifee's Raid on Pikeville, August 2-5, 1862 - Capt. Nathaniel Menifee and his irregular band of Confederate guerrillas raid Pikeville, skirmishing several times with the town's home guards. Nine Union men are killed and the rest are driven from the county.
Part of Middle Creek Battlefield near Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, May 29, 2013
3. Part of Middle Creek Battlefield near Marker
Menifee celebrates his victory by looting John Dils's general store, causing the proprietor, a well-know Union man, to flee for his life. The town's stockyards are looted and a large number of cattle are driven back to Virginia.

Marshall's Invasion of Eastern Kentucky, September 1862 - Acting in concert with armies led by Kirby Smith and Braxton Bragg, Marshall comes through Pound Gap with Col. Robert C. Trigg's 54th Virginia, Col. Alfred C. Moore's 29th Virginia, Col. Campbell Slemp's 64th Virginia, and Col. J.W. Gillespie's 43rd Tennessee. Leading the van is Brig. Gen John S. Williams's 5th Kentucky Infantry. They occupy Pikeville, Prestonsburg, Salyersville, West Liberty, and other towns along the Mount Sterling-Pound Gap Road. Following the Battle of Perryville (October 8, 1862), Marshall moves his army back to their base in southwestern Virginia.

Battle of Wireman's Shoals, December 4, 1862 - While escorting several pushboats filled with military supplies up the Big Sandy from the Union base at Catlettsburg to the Union outpost at Pikeville, Lt. Levi Hampton and a small detachment of the 39th Kentucky Infantry are attacked, surrounded, and captured by 800 Virginia Partisan Rangers under Co. John N. Clarkson. Union losses are two killed, twelve wounded, and thirty-eight captured. The Confederates capture 500 Enfield rifles, 7,000 rounds of ammunition, and enough uniforms to outfit Clarkson's entire command. After Hampton surrenders, Clarkson's men murder him and strip his body of its clothing.
 
Location. 37° 39.04′ N, 82° 48.818′ W. Marker is near Prestonsburg, Kentucky, in Floyd County. Marker can be reached from Kentucky Route 114 0.1 miles east of Kentucky Route 404, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is located at the Middle Creek National Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Prestonsburg KY 41653, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Kentuckian versus Kentuckian (II) (here, next to this marker); Eastern Kentucky's Civil War Battles and Skirmishes, 1863-1864 (here, next to this marker); Kentuckian versus Kentuckian (I) (here, next to this marker); Why They Fought Here (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Middle Creek (here, next to this marker); Kentucky Blue Blood versus Ohio Self-Made Man (here, next to this marker); The Middle Creek National Battlefield Foundation (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Middle Creek / The Fitzpatrick Farm (a few steps from this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Prestonsburg.
 
More about this marker. Marker is one of eight interpretive signs at the site.
 
Also see . . .  Middle Creek National Battlefield. Official website of the Middle Creek National Battlefield Foundation. (Submitted on October 8, 2013.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 466 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page was last revised on August 28, 2016.
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