Osawatomie in Miami County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
John Brown Country
Osawatomie - the name derives from a combination of Osage and Pottawatomie - was settled in 1854 by Free-State families from the Ohio Valley and New England. John Brown, soon to become famous for his militant abolitionism, joined five of his sons at their homes near the new town in October 1855. By the spring of 1856, local defiance of Proslavery laws and officials was so notorious that 170 Missourians "punished" the area by looting Osawatomie. Two months later Free-State men destroyed a nearby Proslavery camp. On August 30 occurred the second battle of Osawatomie, in which a Proslavery force of 400 drove out the defenders, 40 men led by John Brown, and then plundered and burned the town. Among those killed that day was Brown's son Frederick.
At the John Brown Memorial Park in Osawatomie is the cabin of the Rev. Samuel Adair, Brown's brother-in-law, with whom he often stayed. The Republican party of Kansas was organized at Osawatomie in May, 1859, with Horace Greeley, famous editor of the New York Tribune, as the convention's principal speaker.
Erected by Kansas Historical Society and State Highway Commission. (Marker Number 50.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kansas Historical Society marker series.
Location. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Osawatomie KS 66064, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Potawatomi Trail of Death (here, next to this marker); Land Office (here, next to this marker); Original Land Office (a few steps from this marker); Old Stone Church (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Old Stone Church (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Pat Devilin and "Jayhawk" (approx. 0.2 miles away); Soldiers Monument (approx. 0.3 miles away); Battle of Osawatomie (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Osawatomie.
Also see . . .
1. John Brown Museum State Historic Site KS. (Submitted on October 14, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. Territorial Kansas Online. (Submitted on October 14, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • Disasters • Politics •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 331 times since then and 66 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.