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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Alexandria, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Alexandria, Virginia

Market Square

 

—Alexandria Historic District —

 
Alexandria, Virginia Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, October 15, 2013
1. Alexandria, Virginia Marker
Inscription.
Wording on stone tablet to left:
Alexandria, Virginia

County seat of Fairfax 1742-1800
Organized 13th July, 1749
Incorporated by the Assembly of Virginia 1779
Ceded to the Federal Government 1789
First boundary stone of the Federal District laid 15th of April 1791
Capitulated to the British 38th of August 1814
Retroceded to Virginia July 1846


The Market Square is the historic center of the town, in it the troops of Braddock were drilled 1755 and news of his defeat at Ft. Duquesne was announced to the country 16th of July 1755.

The Carlyle House in Fairfax Street was the headquarters of Gen. Braddock during the French and Indian War, and was the scene of the Council of Royal Governors Dinwiddie of Virginia, Shirley of Massachusetts, Delancy of New York, Morris of Pennsylvania and Sharp of Maryland, at which the first suggestion was made by British officials in council, of taxing the American colonies. On this occasion Washington received his appointment as aide to General Braddock. Here also was held in 1785 a conference between the governors of Virginia and Maryland which resulted in a convention of delegates from all the states at Philadelphia in 1787. This convention framed the Constitution of the United States.

In
The orignial Alexandria, Virginia Marker (worn and weathered) image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, October 15, 2013
2. The orignial Alexandria, Virginia Marker (worn and weathered)
the Market Square stood the old Fairfax County courthouse where the freeholders of the town and county assembled 18th of July 1774. At this meeting George Washington presided, and George Mason drew up the celebrated Fairfax County Resolutions protesting against British tyranny.

The county courthouse was the point of beginning of the survey of the Federal District 1791. Here George Washington polled his last vote 1799, and his will was probated 20th of January 1800.

At the Old City Tavern, corner of Royal and Cameron Sts., Washington had his headquarters as Colonel of VA. Militia when drilling his troops, 1754. The first celebration of the adoption of the Federal Constitution was held at this tavern 27th of June 1788 and from the doorway 16th of April 1789 George Washington, on his way to his first inauguration responded to a farewell address made by Mayor, Colonel Dennis Ramsey on behalf of the citizens of Alexandria. From this hostelry General Washington issued his last military order when receiving the Independent Blues, November 1799.

Erected by the Colonial Dames of America
in the State of Virginia, May 8th, 1914.

 
Erected 1914 by Colonial Dames of Virginia.
 
Location. 38° 48.339′ N, 77° 2.585′ 
Alexandria, Virginia Marker Panels - at the north entrance to Alexandria's City Hall image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, October 15, 2013
3. Alexandria, Virginia Marker Panels - at the north entrance to Alexandria's City Hall
W. Marker is in Alexandria, Virginia. Marker is on Cameron Street east of North Royal Street, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 301 King St., Alexandria VA 22314, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Alexandria Washington Lodge (a few steps from this marker); Gadsby’s Tavern (within shouting distance of this marker); The Front Door of Gadsby's Tavern (within shouting distance of this marker); The Gadsby's Tavern Ice Well (within shouting distance of this marker); The Memorial Fountain (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of Assembly Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); Bank of Alexandria (within shouting distance of this marker); The Carlyle House and the 18th-Century Site (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Click for a list of all markers in Alexandria.
 
Also see . . .  Alexandria City Hall. ... clock tower designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe (1817) ... rebuilt 1871, architect, Adolf Cluss ... headquarters of the Alexandria-Washington Masonic Lodge until 1945 ... home to Alexandria court facilities until 1965 when a new Court House opened on King Street, and the court rooms, judicial chambers, ... and ancillary facilities were moved out of City Hall .... (Submitted on October 29, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
"Site of Assembly Hall" - marker plaque at corner, No. Fairfax and Cameron Streets image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, October 31, 2013
4. "Site of Assembly Hall" - marker plaque at corner, No. Fairfax and Cameron Streets

Alexandria City Hall: Here was held March 22, 1785, the first conference between representatives Alexander Henderson and George Mason of Virginia, and Major Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer. Mr. Chase and Mr. Stone of Maryland. This conference resulted in the framing of the Constitution of the United States.
Erected by the
Alexandria Chamber of Commerce
 
 
Additional keywords. Alexander Henderson and George Mason of Virginia; Major Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer; Mr. Chase and Mr. Stone of Maryland
 
Categories. Colonial EraSettlements & SettlersWar, French and IndianWar, US Revolutionary
 
Alexandria City Hall - viewed from the northwest at Cameron and North Royal Streets. image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, October 15, 2013
5. Alexandria City Hall - viewed from the northwest at Cameron and North Royal Streets.
The Alexandria marker is off to the left - at the City Hall, Cameron Street entrance.
Alexandria "Market Square" - south face of City Hall - off King Street image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, October 15, 2013
6. Alexandria "Market Square" - south face of City Hall - off King Street
Alexandria, Virginia: Market Square - view looking north from across King Street image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, October 15, 2013
7. Alexandria, Virginia: Market Square - view looking north from across King Street
"Alexandria Historic District": National Historic Landmark plaque - City Hall, center-south entrance image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, October 15, 2013
8. "Alexandria Historic District": National Historic Landmark plaque - City Hall, center-south entrance
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 558 times since then and 11 times this year. Last updated on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   4. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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