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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lutherstadt Wittenberg in Wittenberg District, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
 

The Leucorea University / Die Universität Leucorea

 
 
The Leucorea University / Die Universität Leucorea Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., September 22, 2013
1. The Leucorea University / Die Universität Leucorea Marker
Inscription.

In 1502 Elector Frederick the Wise founded the old Wittenberg University under the name "Leucorea" as the first sovereign university. The Pope acknowledged it in 1507. Martin Pollich von Mellerstedt, the Elector's personal physician, was the university's first rector.

The Leucorea University attained European significance during the Reformation Movement. Martin Luther lectured here as a professor for biblical exegesis from 1512 onwards; Philipp Melanchthon was appointed in 1518.

An ecclesiastical institution was retained when the fundation closed in 1813; it was fused with the Prussian Frederick-University in Halle in 1817.

The "Alte Collegium" (i.e. old college built between 1503 and 1505) and the "Neue Collegium" (new college), better known as the Fridericianum (1509 to 1519) and located on the Collegien Street, date back to the university's foundation.

The old university campus was converted into barracks in 1842/43.

In 1994 the LEUCOREA Foundation was set up at the Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg.

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Die alte Wittenberger Universität wurde im Jahre 1502 durch Kurfürst Friedrich den Weisen [?]erste landesherrliche Universität unter dem Namen "Leucorea" gegründet. 1507 wurde die Gründung
The Leucorea University / Die Universität Leucorea and Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., September 22, 2013
2. The Leucorea University / Die Universität Leucorea and Marker
To left of archway between buildings
vom Papst bestätigt. Als erster Rektor amfierte der kurfürstliche Leibarzt Martin Pollich von Mellerstedt.

Zur Zeit der Reformation erlangte die "Leucorea" europaweite Bedeutung. Von 1512 an lehrte Martin Luther hier als Professor für Bibelauslegung. Im Jahre 1518 wurde Philipp Melanchthon berufen.

Die Universität wurde 1813 geschlossen und verblieb als Fundation, die 1817 mit der preußischen Friedrichs-Universität in Halle vereinigt wurde.

Aus der Gründungszeit der Universität stamen die Gebäude des Alten Collegiums (erbaut 1503 bis 1505) und des direkt an der Collegienstraße liegenden Neuen Collegiums (erbaut 1509 bis 1519), welches auch unter dem Namen "Fridericianum" bekannt ist.

1842/43 wurde der alte Universitätscampus zu einer Kaserne umgebaut.

Im Jahre 1994 erfolgte die Gründung der Stiftung LEUCOREA an der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg.
 
Erected by Stadtwerke Lutherstadt Wittenberg GmbH.
 
Location. 51° 51.898′ N, 12° 39.01′ E. Marker is in Lutherstadt Wittenberg, Saxony-Anhalt, in Wittenberg District. Marker is on Collegienstraße, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Collegienstraße 62, Lutherstadt Wittenberg, Saxony-Anhalt 06886, Germany.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Melanchthon House / Das Melanchthonhaus (within shouting distance of this marker); Philipp Melanchthon House (within shouting distance of this marker); Johann Faust (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Röhrwasserbrunnen in the/im "Lutherhof" (about 150 meters away); Karl Ludwig Nitzsch (about 180 meters away); Johann von Staupitz (about 180 meters away); The Augusteum / Das Augusteum (about 180 meters away); The Luther House / Das Lutherhaus (about 180 meters away). Click for a list of all markers in Lutherstadt Wittenberg.
 
Also see . . .
1. "Leucoria University in Wittenberg" (1999 article). (Submitted on November 4, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. History of Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg. (Submitted on November 4, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Leucorea University Wittenberg on Facebook. (Submitted on November 4, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. EducationMan-Made Features
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 366 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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