Near Mt. Vernon in Mobile County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Mt. Vernon Arsenal and Barracks/Searcy Hospital
Established 1828 by Congress to store arms and munitions for U. S. Army. Original structures completed 1830's.
Arsenal appropriated by Confederacy 1861; equipment moved to Selma facilities. After Civil War used as U. S. Army barracks; from 1887-1894 served as holding ground for Apache Indian prisoners. Deeded to State of Alabama 1895.
Josiah Gorgas, later Chief of Ordnance of Confederacy, stationed here 1850's; Dr. Walter Reed, conqueror of yellow fever, served as post surgeon 1880's; Apache chieftain, Geronimo, prisoner here 1887-1894.
Mt. Vernon Hospital established 1900 by State of Alabama. Served as mental hospital for care of Black citizens. Name changed 1919 to Searcy Hospital honoring first superintendent, Dr. J. T. Searcy. Treatment for all citizens began 1969. Nine of structures dating from 1830's still in use, including Superintendent's House, Tower Building, and Library. Enclosing wall dates from 1830's.
Erected 1982 by Alabama Historical Association.
Location. 31° 5.287′ N, 88° 1.451′ W. Marker is near Mt. Vernon, Alabama Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mount Vernon AL 36560, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Mt. Vernon Federal Highway (approx. half a mile away); Fort Stoddert (approx. half a mile away); Ellicott's Stone (approx. 6.4 miles away); Site of Old Mobile (approx. 9 miles away); Historic Stockton / Old Schoolyard Park (approx. 11.6 miles away); Stockton Presbyterian Church (approx. 11.7 miles away); Bartramís Trail (approx. 11.8 miles away); The Mound Line (approx. 11.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Mt. Vernon.
Also see . . . On the historic Mount Vernon grounds, an already weathered piece of history nears ruin. (Submitted on December 5, 2013.)
Categories. • African Americans • Native Americans • Science & Medicine • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 768 times since then and 272 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.