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Accokeek in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Leaf, Land, and People

The National Colonial Farm

 

—Accokeek Foundation at Piscataway Park —

 
Leaf, Land, and People Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 26, 2009
1. Leaf, Land, and People Marker
Left side of the marker
Inscription. Worldwide demand for tobacco encouraged European colonists to grow the crop almost exclusively. Planters sold it to Europe and bought goods in exchange. Life in colonial Prince George’s County revolved around growing tobacco. Tobacco brought opportunity for some. Planters saw promise in the country’s abundant, fertile land. Tobacco cultivation is labor intensive, and planters forced enslaved Africans and African Americans to produce the cash crop. Tobacco’s growing cycle dictated work on a small farm. Year round, everyone—free and slave, man and woman, young and old—were involved in planting, cultivating, cutting, or curing tobacco. Social Life-Each small farm’s inhabitants had a great deal of contact with others, at least nearby. Planter men socialized while doing business. Women regularly visited their neighbors. Although their mobility was restricted, slaves ran errands for their masters. Sometimes they visited friend and family. Tobacco and the Land-By 1775, families had subdivided the land over several generations. In most families, farms couldn’t be further subdivided and remain profitable. A lack of available fertile land had driven prices too high. White farmers starting out looked elsewhere. After decades of growth, Prince George’s County began to lose population. Work on Small Farms-While large plantations
Leaf, Land, and People Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 26, 2009
2. Leaf, Land, and People Marker
Right side of the marker
may have had dozens or hundreds of slaves, small farmers typically owned one or two people. Often on small farms, masters and slaves worked side by side. During harvest time, especially, people worked long hours. The crop needed to be cut quickly to ensure its quality. Crop as Cash-Growing tobacco was colonial Prince George’s County’s dominant industry. Its success or failure brought prosperity or ruin. Tobacco leaves served as money. Planters had to sell the tobacco they produced to Britain. They exchanged it for manufactured British goods, at least in good years. In bad years, everyone made do with less. What caused bad years? Sometimes taxation and tobacco inspection laws cost planters their profits. At other times, low demand for tobacco reduced prices. Sometimes weather and pests damaged or destroyed crops. From their home to yours, what can you do? Today many farmers rely on corn, soybean, or wheat as their single main crop. Now, as in colonial times, reliance on a single crop can be bad for the environment and risky for the farmer. .Learn more about different kinds of farming at the Ecosystem Farm. Talk to a farmer at a farmer’s marker.
 
Erected by Accokeek Foundation at Piscataway Park.
 
Location. 38° 41.574′ N, 77° 4.164′ W. Marker is in
Leaf, Land, and People Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 26, 2009
3. Leaf, Land, and People Marker
Accokeek, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker is on Bryan Point Road (Entrance to the Park). Click for map. The marker is on the grounds of the National Colonial Farm. Marker is in this post office area: Accokeek MD 20607, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Science and History Together (within shouting distance of this marker); The National Colonial Farm (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fishing the Potomac River (approx. 0.2 miles away); Potomac Heritage (approx. 0.2 miles away); Traveling on the Potomac River (approx. ¼ mile away); People Shaping the Land (approx. ¼ mile away); Land Shaping People (approx. ¼ mile away); Ecosystem Farm (approx. ¼ mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Accokeek.
 
Categories. Colonial Era
 
Leaf, Land, and People Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 26, 2009
4. Leaf, Land, and People Marker
Leaf, Land, and People Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 26, 2009
5. Leaf, Land, and People Marker
Leaf, Land, and People Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 26, 2009
6. Leaf, Land, and People Marker
Leaf, Land, and People Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 26, 2009
7. Leaf, Land, and People Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 307 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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