Jackson in Madison County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Railroad Gateway to Deep South
—Forrest's First West Tennessee Raid —
Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest led his cavalry brigade on a raid through West Tennessee, Dec. 15, 1862 - Jan. 3, 1863, destroying railroads and severing Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's supply line between Columbus, Kentucky, and Vicksburg, Mississippi. Forrest crossed the Tennessee River at Clifton, defeated Union Col. Robert G. Ingersoll's cavalry at Lexington, captured Trenton and Union City, and ranged briefly into Kentucky. He raided back through Tennessee, evaded defeat at Parker's Cross Roads, and crossed the river again at Clifton. Grant changed his supply base to Memphis.
During the war, Jackson was the transportation crossroads of West Tennessee. After the 1862 Battle of Shiloh, 50 miles southeast, Union commanders took control of Jackson's railroad junction to use the tracks as supply lines for their Mississippi campaigns.
The Confederates contested control of Jackson's railroads. In September 1862, the Battle of Britton Lane took place south of here at the town of Denmark.
In November 1862, Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg ordered Gen. Nathan B. Forrest to launch a major cavalry raid against the Union garrisons here and in other occupied railroad towns. Union Gen. Jeremiah C. Sullivan fortified Jackson, ordering that "the negroes in town will ... be pressed into
After Confederate forces reoccupied Jackson, a Union expedition from LaGrange drove them out after a stiff fight on July 13, 1863, as several Federal regiments, including Col. Fielding Hurst's 1st Tennessee Cavalry, fought on the streets of downtown Jackson. Part of the town burned, extensive looting occurred, and Federal commanders blamed and fined Hurst. He returned a few months later and forced city leaders to repay the fine.
"General Forrest ... completely fooled General J.C. Sullivan. ... While we were on this wildgoose chase towards Lexington, Forrest simply whirled around our flanks at Jackson, and swept north on the railroad." - Lt. Leander Stillwell, 61st Illinois Infantry
(Map Bottom Left)
Forrest's First West Tennessee Raid, Dec. 15, 1862 - Jan. 3, 1863
(Pictures Bottom Right)
Gen. Nathan B. Forrest Courtesy Library of Congress. Railroad scene in Jackson, Harper's Weekly, Oct.21, 1862.
Tennessee Civil War Trails CivilWarTrails.org
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Location. 35° 39.612′ N, 88° 51.368′ W. Marker is in Jackson, Tennessee, in Madison County. Marker can be reached from U.S. 45 Bypass (Tennessee Route 186) near Carriage House Drive when traveling south. Click for map. Going south on U.S. 45 bypass, from I-40, take 1st. street on right, Carriage House Drive, then turn right, taking next street to left, Casey Jones Lane, turn into 2nd. drive into Casey Jones Village, marker is on right at the Old Country Store. Marker is at or near this postal address: Casey Jones Village, Jackson TN 38305, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Carl Lee Perkins (within shouting distance of this marker); Home of Casey Jones (within shouting distance of this marker); In Memory Of Merry Boy (approx. 1.6 miles away); First Presbyterian Church (approx. 2 miles away); Port Jackson (approx. 2.9 miles away but has been reported missing); Campbell's Levee Bridge (approx. 2.9 miles away); Lambuth College (approx. 3.1 miles away); Merry High School (approx. 3.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Jackson.
Categories. • African Americans • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Ken Smith of Milan, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 236 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Ken Smith of Milan, Tennessee. • Al Wolf was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.