Derry-Londonderry in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
The centenary of the siege
In 1789 the cannons roared in peace, the bells rang out and the Protestant and Catholic bishops processed together to St Columb's Cathedral to celebrate the centenary of the siege. To mark the event Bishop Hervey proposed rebuilding Bishop's Gate as a grand new entry to the city. The original design by Henry Aaron Baker featured a large statue of William III on horseback over the arch.
18th April, 1689 was a momentous day in the city's history. It marked the start of the 105 day siege. James II's troops encircled the city. Two thousand residents, a garrison of 7,000 and over 15,000 refugees were packed within the city walls. They met an attack on the gate by James' troops with a hail of bullets and stones. The king waited all day outside Bishop's Gate on horseback in the pouring rain. Some of the men surrounding the king were killed. A personal attack on the king was outright revolution. James retreated and gave orders for a siege.
Defending Bishop's Gate
One of the best views of the walls is from outside Bishop's Gate. In preparation for the 1689 siege, ravelins, earth ramparts in the shape of a triangle, were built outside the main gates. They provided a first line of defence. Houses outside the walls were burned to deny cover to
In 1791 a jail was built in Bishop Street Without to replace the prison in the tower above Ferryquay Gate. Its most famous inmate was Wolfe Tone, a leader of the 1798 uprising for an independent Ireland. The revolt failed and Tone was arrested. He complained about being kept in chains in the jail before being sent for trial to Dublin. The jail was extended around 1820 with a frontage in the style of a castle, of which one turret remains today.
Location. 54° 59.624′ N, 7° 19.494′ W. Marker is in Derry-Londonderry, Northern Ireland, in County Londonderry. Click for map. Marker is on the City Wall walking path, adjacent to the Bishop's Gate, at Bishop Street northeast of Orchard Row. Marker is in this post office area: Derry-Londonderry, Northern Ireland BT48 6PU, United Kingdom.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Bishop's Gate (here, next to this marker); The Walled City (here, next to this marker); Double Bastion (within shouting distance of this marker); Verbal Arts Centre (within shouting distance of this marker); George Farquhar (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker Double Bastion (within shouting distance of this marker); Demi-culverin Cannon (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Walled City (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Derry-Londonderry.
Also see . . .
1. History of Derry-Londonderry, Ireland. (Submitted on January 1, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. The Siege of Derry (1689). (Submitted on January 1, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
3. Wolfe Tone Bio. (Submitted on January 1, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 328 times since then and 63 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.