Fort Garland in Costilla County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Top of the Marker:
To protect the valley's Hispanic settlers against Indian attacks, the U.S. Army established Fort Massachusetts in 1852 near Blanca Peak, which towers just north of here. But the fort was too remote to be effective, so in 1858 the Army put up a new post -- Fort Garland -- a portion of which you see immediately across the road. Built largely of adobe, the new fort stood guard over the San Luis Valley and its people until abandoned in 1883. The Colorado Historical Society invites you to visit Fort Garland, which has been preserved as a museum.
Erected 1996 by Colorado Historical Society and the DOT Colorado. (Marker Number 190.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Buffalo Soldiers, and the History Colorado marker series.
Location. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Garland CO 81133, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Fort Garland (within shouting distance of this marker); Costilla County Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.6 miles away); "The Magic Dog" (approx. 10.1 miles away); On Sacred Ground (approx. 10.1 miles away); Welcome "Caminante" to ... (approx. 10.1 miles away); ... Los Caminos Antiguos Scenic & Historic Byway (approx. 10.1 miles away); Lt. Zebulon Pike's Southwestern Expedition (approx. 10.1 miles away).
Also see . . . The Story of Fort Garland. Fort Garland was build of adobe in a plaza format as was typical of the surrounding villages. It was named for Brevet Brigadier General John Garland, then in command of the Department of New Mexico. Built on land that was part of the Sangre de Cristo Grant, leased by the United States government, the fort was established primarily to protect settlers from Indian resistance. It had accommodations for two companies of an approximate strength of two officers and one hundred (Submitted on January 6, 2014.)
Categories. • African Americans • Forts, Castles • Native Americans • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 383 times since then and 107 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Full view of the marker. • Wide area view of the marker and its surroundings including second panel of marker titled "Hispano Settlement in San Luis Valley". • Can you help?