Near St. Peter in Nicollet County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
The Treaty of Traverse des Sioux
Near this place on July 23, 1851, the Sisseton and Wahpeton bands of the Dakota sold 21 million acres of land to the federal government for $1,665,000—about 7.5 cents per acre. The Dakota, hoping to ensure a future for their children, had little choice but to sign. Besides an annual payment, the treaty promised the Dakota a reservation extending 10 miles on either side of the Minnesota River above the Yellow Medicine River. The U.S. Senate eliminated this reservation before ratifying the treaty. But President Millard Fillmore decided to let the Dakota live on the proposed reservation, until it was needed for white settlement.
A boulder becomes The Boulder In 1914 the local chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) commemorated the treaty site with this bronze tablet, mounted onto a boulder found near where the document had been signed. Five days before the dedication, the St. Peter Herald enthusiastically reported that the DAR had "succeeded in locating a large boulder, which, at the time of the signing of the treaty, was used to display the presents that had been provided for the Indians." Other writers repeated and embellished the story, and it was soon accepted as accurate. Yet there is no evidence that this or any other boulder played
Traverse des Sioux
Erected by the Minnesota Historical Society.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Minnesota Historical Society marker series.
Location. 44° 21.274′ N, 93° 57.354′ W. Marker is near St. Peter, Minnesota, in Nicollet County. Marker can be reached from Old Minnesota Avenue west of Minnesota Avenue (U.S. 169). Click for map. A small parking lot is just west of the intersection. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Peter MN 56082, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Treaty of Traverse des Sioux Site (here, next to this marker); The Old French Cemetery (within shouting distance of this marker); A River Crossroad (approx. 0.2 miles away); Exploring the River Valley (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fur Trader Louis Provencalle (approx. ¼ mile away); The Rush for Land (approx. 0.3 miles away); Ministering to the Dakota (approx. 0.4 miles away); Archaeology (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in St. Peter.
More about this marker. captions:
• Frank B. Mayer, The Treaty of Traverse des Sioux, 1885
Also see . . .
1. The Treaty of Traverse des Sioux. The Minnesota Historical Society. (Submitted on January 6, 2014.)
2. Treaty of Traverse des Sioux. Wikipedia entry. (Submitted on January 6, 2014.)
3. Traverse des Sioux. Wikipedia entry. (Submitted on January 6, 2014.)
4. Oklahoma State University Library. Treaty with the Sioux. (Submitted on January 6, 2014.)
Categories. • Native Americans •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 288 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.