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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
San Marcos, Guatemala
 

Justo Rufino Barrios

 
 
Justo Rufino Barrios Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 22, 2013
1. Justo Rufino Barrios Marker
Inscription.
La Resp. Log. Estrella de Occi. No. 4 a la mem. del hijo preclaro de este pueblo ref. de Guate. y mártir de la union centro-americana, General Justo Rufino Barrios

28 de Fero de 1885 - 2 de Abril 1885

English translation:
The Respectable Lodge Star of the West No. 4 to the memory of a distinguished son of Guatemala and martyr of Central American union, General Justo Rufino Barrios

February 28, 1885 - April 2, 1885
 
Erected 1898 by San Marcos Departmental Government.
 
Location. 14° 57.852′ N, 91° 47.413′ W. Marker is in San Marcos, San Marcos. Click for map. This marker and statue are on the Calzada Revolucion de ´71 as one enters San Marcos from San Pedro Sacatepequez, San Marcos. Marker is in this post office area: San Marcos 12002, Guatemala.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 10 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The 150th Anniversary of San Marcos Department (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); General Miguel Garcia Granados (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); Monument to Barrios (approx. 6.2 kilometers away); Centenary Park San Lorenzo (approx. 9.5 kilometers away); Birthplace of General Justo Rufino Barrios (approx. 9.5 kilometers away).
 
Additional comments.
Justo Rufino Barrios statue detail image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 22, 2013
2. Justo Rufino Barrios statue detail
His right hand holds the unilateral "Declaration of Central American Union". The left hand holds a sword as a symbol of his military experience.

1. Short history of Justo Rufino Barrios' life
Justo Rufino Barrios, born near San Marcos in San Lorenzo in 1835, participated in the 1871 revolution against conservative President Cerna. As a Liberal President, he is known as the "Reformer" for the many positive reforms he started in Guatemala. The reforms were numerous and included free primary education, the introduction of the first telegraph and railroad services, changes to the criminal code and the founding of banks. He is also remembered for settling disputes over Guatemala's border with Mexico by relinquishing Guatemalan claims over parts of southern Mexico. However, Barrios became anti-democratic and authoritarian as his rule progressed, eventually leading to his unilateral declaration of Central American union. When the other countries, particularly El Salvador, refused to join a union with Barrios as head, he chose to attempt to force the issue militarily. Unfortunately he also chose to lead the invasion personally and died during the Battle of Chalchuapa on April 2, 1885. He is remembered as a complicated figure in Guatemalan history.
    — Submitted January 12, 2014, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.

 
Categories. Military
 
Justo Rufino Barrios Marker and Statue image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 22, 2013
3. Justo Rufino Barrios Marker and Statue
North side marker of Justo Rufino Barrios statue image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 22, 2013
4. North side marker of Justo Rufino Barrios statue
The dates shown are Barrios´ birth, Battle of Nentón, Battle of Tacaná and final entry of the 1871 revolutionary troops into Guatemala City.
South side marker on the Justo Rufino Barrios statue. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 22, 2013
5. South side marker on the Justo Rufino Barrios statue.
Additional important dates in the life of Barrios, with the last the date of his death near Chalchuapa, El Salvador on April 2, 1885.
Additional marker on Justo Rufino Barrios statue image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 22, 2013
6. Additional marker on Justo Rufino Barrios statue
The jefatura politica departmental en 1898 construyó; reconstruyó en 1933. English: The departmental government constructed in 1898; reconstructed in 1933. The statue also fell off on Nov. 7, 2012 and was replaced after an earthquake.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 369 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   2. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   3, 4. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   5. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   6. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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