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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Freehold in Monmouth County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battle of Monmouth Monument

 
 
Battle of Monmouth Monument Marker image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
1. Battle of Monmouth Monument Marker
Inscription. There is no plaque on this monument. There are titles under the brass reliefs of historic events that surround the column.
 
Location. 40° 15.812′ N, 74° 16.667′ W. Marker is in Freehold, New Jersey, in Monmouth County. Marker is at the intersection of Monument Street and Court Street and Schanck Street on Monument Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Freehold NJ 07728, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Monmouth Battle Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Abraham Lincoln (within shouting distance of this marker); Revolutionary Ancestors of Monmouth Court House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Corp. James A. Gere (approx. 0.3 miles away); Historic St. Peterís Episcopal Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); Monmouth Court House Site (approx. 0.3 miles away); Columbia Triumphant Park and Statue (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. Peterís Church (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Freehold.
 
More about this marker. This monument, directly in front of the Monmouth County Courthouse, is over 90 feet high and one of the highest monuments in New Jersey. It was dedicated on Nov. 13, 1884, and rededicated on
Ramsay Defending his Guns image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
2. Ramsay Defending his Guns
Lt Colonel Oswald † † † LtCol Ramsay       17th Light Dragoons
3d Reg. Maryland Line
Nov. 17, 1984.

There are five bronze relief tablets on the circular "base" of the monument. They deptict: 1) Ramsay Defending His Guns, a battle scene showing Lt. Col. Ramsay lunging forward with his sword at a British soldier on a fallen horse, who bows backward with sword upraised; cannon and men behind; 2) Washington Rallying The Troops, a scene of the General, in profile, riding a galloping horse with raised sword, facing a soldier holding a hat; 3) Molly Pitcher, shown in profile, loading a cannon with a plunger, as a gunner and a soldier stand nearby; 4) Council of War at Hopewell, including Lord Sterling, Knox, Scammell, Patterson, Steuben, Poor, Scott, Wayne, Greene, Woodford and Lee, gathering around a table as General Lafayette stands, pointing with proper right hand to a map spread out on a table and gesturing towards General Washington; 5) Wayne's Charge, an American Army Lt. Colonel on horseback in profile, shown with an American soldier and British soldier fighting with rifles before him.

The designs and specifications for the memorial were secured from Emlin T. Littell and Douglas Smythe, architects, and James Edward Kelly, sculptor, who designed and modeled the five historical bas-reliefs. The sculpture cost approximately $40,000 and commemorates the Battle of Monmouth, which took place June 28, 1778 near what
Washington Rallying the Troups image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
3. Washington Rallying the Troups
is now Freehold, New Jersey. Funds for the sculpture were raised by the Monmouth Battle Monument Association. Citizens of Monmouth, the State of New Jersey, and those who had ancestors who fought in the battle contributed $10,000. The state legislature added $10,000 to this amount and Congress contributed a final $20,000. The construction contract was awarded to Maurice J. Power for the sum of $36,000. Heirs of the late Daniel S. Schanck gave the plot of ground on which the sculpture was installed.

The cornerstone for the sculpture was laid on the centennial of the Battle of Monmouth. The completed sculpture was dedicated six years later on the 100th anniversary of the founding of the town of Freehold, November 13, 1884.

The original figure that topped the column, known as Liberty Triumphant or Columbia Triumphant, was provided by Frederick and Field of Quincy, Massachusetts, carver unknown. In August 1894, the figure was shattered by lightning. A replacement figure from Badger Brothers, also of Quincy, was mounted atop the column in May 1896.

According to legend, the sculptor used a then young Thomas Edison as a model for a gunner in the Molly Pitcher relief panel.

The column is topped by a cornice decorated with flying eagles; and the column base is decorated with bronze coats-of-arms of the 13 original colonies, with laurel leaves strung
Molly Pitcher image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
4. Molly Pitcher
Tenant Church † † † † Knox
between them. The entire memorial sits atop a tripod-shaped flared base.
 
Also see . . .  Freehold's Great Day, the memorial of the Battle of Monmouth. An article about the monument's unveiling, published in The New York Times on November 14, 1884. (Submitted on April 16, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. MilitaryWar, US Revolutionary
 
Council of War at Hopewell image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
5. Council of War at Hopewell
June 24, 1778.
Duportail, Steuben Poor, Lord Sterling, Knox, Lafayette, Scammell, Washington, Patterson, Scott, Wayne, Greene, Woodford, Lee
Wayne's Charge image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
6. Wayne's Charge
Tennant Parsonage † † † Lt.Col. Henry Monckton
Liberty Triumphant (front view) image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
7. Liberty Triumphant (front view)
Note the eagles topping the column.
View of Lady Liberty and her shield image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
8. View of Lady Liberty and her shield
Right profile of Lady Liberty image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
9. Right profile of Lady Liberty
View up column image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
10. View up column
Colonial Coats-of Arms above the historic brass relief murals image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
11. Colonial Coats-of Arms above the historic brass relief murals
Additional Colonial Coats-of Arms along circumference of column image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
12. Additional Colonial Coats-of Arms along circumference of column
Corner piece on monument base image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
13. Corner piece on monument base
Time spares nothing image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
14. Time spares nothing
The years have been hard on the monument's foundation.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 2,574 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. submitted on , by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on July 2, 2016.
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