“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Morton in Renville County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)

Battle Scars

Battle Scars Marker image. Click for full size.
By K. Linzmeier, September 25, 2013
1. Battle Scars Marker
All our horses, both cavalry and transportation horses, were either killed or so badly wounded as to make them unfit for service."
Joseph Anderson

Tethered to wagons on the campsite's east side, most of the U.S. horses were killed early.

Most of the burial detail's food was gone by nightfall. The Minnesota River—their source of fresh water—was blocked by Dakota fire. "The men fought...without water and provisions," Anderson said, "except one-fourth of a hard cracker...and about one ounce of raw cabbage to a man and (they) joked (with) each other freely in regard to their 'heavy' diet."

"Rendered Useless"

"Quite a number of our arms, saddles and camp equipments were rendered useless by the destructive fire of the enemy," Anderson remembered.

The firearms that remained undamaged proved to be of limited value. After using up their first rounds of ammunition, the soldiers learned that a supply officer had sent bullets too large for their guns. The men lost time shaving down the oversized bullets.

Minnesota Historical Society
Birch Coulee Battlefield

Erected by the Minnesota Historical
Close-up of Marker image. Click for full size.
By K. Linzmeier, September 25, 2013
2. Close-up of Marker
Marker series. This marker is included in the Minnesota Historical Society marker series.
Location. 44° 34.613′ N, 94° 58.643′ W. Marker is near Morton, Minnesota, in Renville County. Marker can be reached from County Road 18 0.2 miles south of 690th Avenue (County Road 2), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is within Birch Coulee Battlefield/State Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 68634 County Road 18, Morton MN 56270, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Battle of Birch Coulee (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Battle Ends (about 400 feet away); "A Beautiful Place to Encamp" (about 400 feet away); Battle Tactics (about 400 feet away); Dakota Positions (about 500 feet away); “The Fight Was On” (about 500 feet away); Wrong Place, Wrong Time (about 600 feet away); The Prairie Factor (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Morton.
More about this marker. captions:
Albert Colgrave, View at Birch Coolie, 3 Months after the Battle, 1862
Ammunition recovered at Birch Coulee Battlefield
Regarding Battle Scars. In 1862, the Minnesota Dakota,
Battle Scars Marker image. Click for full size.
By K. Linzmeier, September 25, 2013
3. Battle Scars Marker
Birch Coulee Battlefield
also known by the French term, “Sioux," waged war against the United States following two years of unfulfilled treaty obligations. A burial detail of 160 to 170 soldiers and civilians was dispatched from Fort Ridgely to bury the remains of settlers who had been killed in the early weeks of the war. During the first night out, the detail was surrounded by Dakota, who attacked at dawn.
Also see . . .
1. The U.S. - Dakota War of 1862. Battle of Birch Coulee. (Submitted on February 3, 2014.) 

2. National Park Service. Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings. Birch Coulee Battlefield. "Besieged for 31 hours, the soldiers lost 22 killed and 60 wounded before the arrival of Sibley and reinforcements on September 3. The Indians, who had few casualties, fled." (Submitted on February 3, 2014.) 
Additional keywords. U.S.-Dakota War of 1862
Categories. Wars, US Indian
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 242 times since then and 83 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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