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Near Morton in Renville County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

The Battle of Birch Coulee

 
 
The Battle of Birch Coulee Marker image. Click for full size.
By K. Linzmeier, October 25, 2013
1. The Battle of Birch Coulee Marker
Inscription.
(mostly unreadable text)
south on Sept.
2-1862                were
                150 soldiers
and citizens
soldiers died
                killed
                and in the
fight 158

                wounded.

 
Erected 1898 by the Minnesota Valley Historical Society.
 
Location. 44° 34.652′ N, 94° 58.581′ W. Marker is near Morton, Minnesota, in Renville County. Marker is on 690th Avenue (County Road 2) 0.2 miles east of County Road 18, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is along the northern edge of the Birch Coulee Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Morton MN 56270, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Battle Ends (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Birch Coulee (about 300 feet away); Battle Scars (about 400 feet away); "A Beautiful Place to Encamp" (about 600 feet away); After the Battle (about 600 feet away); Battle Tactics (about 700 feet away); Wrong Place, Wrong Time (about 700 feet away); Two Men, One War (about 800 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Morton.
 
More about this marker.
The Battle of Birch Coulee Marker image. Click for full size.
By K. Linzmeier, October 25, 2013
2. The Battle of Birch Coulee Marker
In 1862, the Minnesota Dakota, also known by the French term, “Sioux," waged war against the United States following two years of unfulfilled treaty obligations. A burial detail of soldiers and civilians was dispatched from Fort Ridgely to bury the remains of settlers who had been killed in the early weeks of the war. During the first night out at Birch Coulee, the detail was surrounded by Dakota, who attacked at dawn.

The defenses of New Ulm, Fort Ridgely and Birch Coulie were as gallant episodes as any that are recorded in the military annals of the Republic, and yet the American historian commonly gives them but the briefest mention, or omits them entirely from his pages... 868 men, women, and children perished by actual count. Those killed whose remains were never found and the soldiers and citizens killed or mortally wounded in the hostile engagements with the Indians made the total death list number at least 950.
excerpt from: Monuments and Tablets Erected by the Minnesota Valley Historical Society, 1902

The Minnesota Valley Historical Society was composed of citizens of Renville and Redwood counties, that contracted with the Peterson Granite Company of St. Paul, to identify and mark historic sites. "As time passes the exact sites of many or these memorable incidents are liable to be lost, and the society wisely concluded to locate and
The Battle of Birch Coulee Marker image. Click for full size.
By K. Linzmeier, September 25, 2013
3. The Battle of Birch Coulee Marker
Birch Coulee Battlefield
mark them now, while there are living witnesses and other competent authorities to designate them."
source: New Ulm Review; January 27, 1897
 
Also see . . .
1. Chronology of the 1862 Uprising. (Submitted on February 17, 2014.)
2. 1862 Dakota War. "It was the largest Indian war in American history. The main battleground was the entire Minnesota River Valley in southern and central Minnesota. The uprising spread into the Dakota Territories and sent panic into Nebraska, Iowa and Wisconsin." (Submitted on February 17, 2014.) 
 
Additional keywords. U.S.-Dakota War of 1862
 
Categories. Wars, US Indian
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 268 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Inscription on the marker. • Can you help?
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