“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fritch in Hutchinson County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Antelope Creek Ruins

Antelope Creek Ruins Marker image. Click for full size.
By Marvin Seibert
1. Antelope Creek Ruins Marker
Inscription. Plains Village Native Americans occupied a series of interconnected rock dwellings near here from about 1200-1500. Called "Texas' first apartment house," the ruins have been the focus of numerous excavations through the years. Made of native dolomite, the rock and slab dwellings averaged about 12 feet by 15 feet in size with a single opening, a long crawlway, on the east side. Other rooms contained a central hearth under four roof-support posts, while smaller rooms were thought to be for storage. Adobe platforms may have been an altar for ceremonial purposes.

The ruins are located near a branch of the Canadian River, providing a perennial source of water. The creek bottom soil of sandy loam allowed residents to harvest crops including corn, beans, squash and pumpkin. The semi-sedentary natives also hunted bison, antelope, deer, and small animals as evidenced by the bones and tools found at the site. Artifacts recovered include small arrow points, beveled and oval knives, bone implements, grinding stones, and cord marked ceramics.

Considerable information on the artifact assemblage and village structure was gained from the Works Progress Administration excavations from 1938-41, and subsequent interpretive works in 1946.

National Register of Historic Places
Antelope Creek Ruins Marker image. Click for full size.
By Marvin Seibert
2. Antelope Creek Ruins Marker
- 1972

Erected 1997 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 12095.)
Location. 35° 37.481′ N, 101° 32.114′ W. Marker is in Fritch, Texas, in Hutchinson County. Marker is at the intersection of Texas Route 136 and Antelope Creek Road (County Route 136), on the right when traveling west on State Route 136. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fritch TX 79036, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. First Rotary Drilling Rig Used in Texas Panhandle (approx. 7.4 miles away); Gulf Burnett No. 2 (approx. 7.4 miles away); Site of John and Maggie Weatherly Half-Dugout Site (approx. 7.5 miles away); Fort Smith-Santa Fe Trail (approx. 7.6 miles away); Beale Road (approx. 7.6 miles away); Girl Scout Little House (approx. 8.4 miles away); First Methodist Church of Borger (approx. 8.5 miles away); Ace Borger Home (approx. 8.8 miles away).
Also see . . .  Antelope Creek Culture (1150 AD to 1450 AD). National Park Service (Submitted on February 18, 2014.) 
Categories. AnthropologyNative Americans
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Marvin Seibert of Colorado Springs, Colorado. This page has been viewed 484 times since then and 87 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Marvin Seibert of Colorado Springs, Colorado. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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